Minor Acts

THE CENTRAL MOTOR VEHICLES RULES, 1989
CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY
1. Short title and commencement.—(1) These rules may be called the Central Motor
Vehicle Rules, 1989.
(2) Save as otherwise provided in sub-rule (3) 2[and sub-rule (2) of rule 103,] these rules
shall come into force on the 1st day of July, 1989.
(3) The provisions of 2[rule 9,] sub-rule (3) of rule 16, sub-rule (4) of rule 96, 3[* * *] subrule
(3) of rule 105, rule 113, sub-rules (2), (3), (4) or (5) of rule 115, rules
118,122,124,125,126 and 127 shall come into force on such date as the Central
Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
2. Definitions.—In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires—
(a) "Act" means the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (59 of 1988);
4[(b) "agricultural tractor" means any mechanically propelled 4-wheel vehicle designed to
work with suitable implements for various field operations and/or trailers to transport
agricultural materials. Agricultural tractor is a non-transport vehicle;
(c) "agricultural trailer" means a trailer generally left uncovered with single/double axle
construction which is coupled to an agricultural tractor by means of two hooks and
predominantly used for transporting agricultural materiaIs;]
5[(ca) "construction equipment vehicle" means rubber tyred (including pneumatic tyred),
rubber padded or steel drum wheel mounted, self-propelled, excavator, loader, backhoe,
compactor roller, dumper, motor grader, mobile crane, dozer, fork lift truck, self-loading
concrete mixer or any other construction equipment vehicle or combination thereof
designed for off-highway operations in mining, industrial undertaking, irrigation and
general construction but modified and manufactured with "on or off" or "on and off"
highway capabilities.
Explanation.—A construction equipment vehicle shall be a non-transport vehicle the
driving on the road of which is incidental to the main off-highway function and for a short
1 Vide G.S.R. 590 (E), dated 2-6-1989, published in the Gazelle of India, Ext., Pi. II, S. 3,
dated 2-6-1989.
2 Inserted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
3 The words and figures "sub-rule (3) of rule 103" omitted by G.S.R 221(E), daled 28-3-
2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
4 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
5 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
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duration at a speed not exceeding 50 kms per hour, but such vehicle does not include
other purely off-highway construction equipment vehicle designed and adopted for use in
any enclosed premises, factory or mine other than road network, not equipped to travel
on public roads on their own power;]
6[7(d)] "financier" means a person or a title holder-cum-dealer who lets a motor vehicle
on hire under an agreement of hire purchase or lease or hypothecation to the operator
with a permission to get it registered in operator's name as registered owner;]
8[(e)] "Form" means a Form appended to these rules;
8[(f)] "section" means a section of the Act;
9[(g)] "trade certificate" means a certificate issued by the registering authority under rule
35;
9[(h)] "non-transport vehicle" means a motor vehicle which is not a transport vehicle.
10[(i) "Category L-l" means a motorcycle as defined in sub-section (27) of section 2 of the
Act, with maximum design speed not exceeding 45 km/hour and engine capacity not
exceeding 50 cc, if fitted with a thermic engine;
(j) "Category L-2" means a motor cycle as defined in sub-section (27) of section 2 of the
Act, with maximum design speed exceeding 45 km/hour and engine capacity exceeding
50 cc, if fitted with a thermic engine;
(k) "Category M" means a motor vehicle with at least four wheels used for the carriage of
passengers and their luggage;
(/) "Category M-l" means a motor vehicle used for the carriage of passengers and their
luggage and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat;
(m) "Category M-2" means a motor vehicle used for the carriage of passengers and their
luggage and comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat and having
a maximum mass not exceeding 5 tonnes;
(n) "Category M-3" means a motor vehicle used for the carriage of passengers and their
luggage and comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat and having
a maximum mass exceeding 5 tonnes;
6 CI. {aa) inserted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989), relattered as CI. (d)
by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
7 Substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for CI. (d) (w.e.f. 10-2-2004).
8 Cls. (b) and (c) relettered as Cls. (e) and (/), respectively by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993
(w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
9 Cls. (d) and (e) relettered as Cls. (g) and (h), respectively by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993
(w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
10 Inserted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
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(o) "Category N" means a motor vehicle with at least four wheels used for the carriage of
goods;
(p) "Category N-l" means a motor vehicle used for the carriage of goods and having a
maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes;
(q) "Category N-2" means a motor vehicle used for the carriage of goods and having a
maximum mass exceeding 3.5 tonnes but not exceeding 12 tonnes;
(r) "Category N-3" means a motor vehicle used for the carriage of goods and having a
maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes;
11[(s) "Smart Card" means a device capable of storing data and executing commands
which is a microprocessor chip mounted on a plastic card and the dimensions of the
card and chip are specified in the International Organization for Standardization
(ISO)/International Electro Technical Commission (IEC) 7816 specifications, as may be
amended from time to time, and shall be as per the specifications specified in Annexure
XI.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, microprocessor chip shall have non-volatile rewritable
memory capacity of minimum 4 Kilo Byte consisting of application data, file headers,
security definitions, and a maximum of 350 bytes for Operating System Interfacing, as specified
by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways from time to time for Driving Licence and
Registration Certificate applications;
12[(r) "International Driving Permit" means the licence issued by a licensing authority in
India under Chapter II of the Act to an Indian National authorising the person specified
therein to drive any categories of motor vehicles as specified in Form 6-A in the areas or
territories of countries other than India but excluding the countries with whom there are
no diplomatic relations;]
13[(u) "Battery Operated Vehicle" means a vehicle adapted for use upon roads and
powered exclusively by an electric motor whose traction energy is supplied exclusively
by traction battery installed in the vehicle:
Provided that if the following conditions are verified and authorised by any testing
agency specified in rule 126, the battery operated vehicle shall not be deemed to be a
motor vehicle.
(i) the thirty minutes power of the motor is less than 0.25 kW.;
(ii) the maximum speed of the vehicle is less than 25 km/h;
11 Substituted by G.S.R. 513(E), dated 10-8-2004 (w.e.f. 10-9-2004).
12 Inserted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
13 Inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
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(iii) bi-cycles with pedal assistance which are—(a) equipped with an auxiliary electric
motor having a thirty minute power less than 0.25 kW, whose output is progressively
reduced and finally cut off as the vehicle reaches a speed of 25 km/h, or sooner, if the
cyclist stops pedaling; and (b) fitted with suitable brakes and retro-reflective devices, i.e.,
one white reflector in the front and one red reflector at the rear.
Explanation.—The thirty minute power of the motor is defined in AIS: 049:2003 and method of
verification is prescribed in AIS: 041:2003, till the corresponding BIS specifications are notified
under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986);
(v) "Power tiller" means an agricultural machinery used for soil preparation having a
single axle in which the direction of travel and its control for field operation is performed
by the operator walking behind it. This equipment may or may not have a riding
attachment and when coupled to a trailer can be used for the transportation of goods.
The maximum speed of the power tiller when coupled to a trailer, shall not exceed 22
km/h. The maximum haulage capacity of the Power tiller coupled to a trailer shall not
exceed 1.5 tons.]
CHAPTER II
LICENSING OF DRIVERS OF MOTOR VEHICLES
General
3. General.—The provisions of sub-section (1) of section 3 shall not apply to a person
while receiving instructions or gaining experience in driving with the object of presenting
himself for a test of competence to drive, so long as—
(a) such person is the holder of an effective learner's licence issued to him in Form 3 to
drive the vehicle;
(b) such person is accompanied by an instructor holding an effective driving License to
drive the vehicle and such instructor is sitting in such a position to control or stop the
vehicle; and
(c) there is painted, in the front and the rear or the vehicle or on a plate or card affixed to
the front and the rear, the letter "L" in red on a white background as under:—
Note.—The painting on the vehicle or on the plate or card shall not be less than 18
centimeters square and the letter "L" shall not be less than 10 centimeters high, 2
centimeters thick and 9 centimeters wide at the bottom:
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Provided that a person, while receiving instructions or gaining experience in driving a
motor cycle (with or without a side-car attached), shall not carry any other person on the
motor cycle except for the purpose and in the manner referred to in clause (b).
14[4. Evidence as to the correctness of address and age.—Every applicant for the issue
of a licence under this Chapter shall produce as evidence of his address and age, any
one or more of the following documents in original or relevant extracts thereof duly
attested by a Gazette Officer of the Central Government or of a State Government or an
officer of a local body who is equivalent in rank of a Gazetted Officer of the Government
or Village Administration Officer or Municipal Corporation Councillor or Panchayat
President, namely:—
15["* * *]
2. Electoral Roll,
3. Life insurance Policy,
16[* * *]
4. Passport,
17[* * *]
6. Pay slip issued by any office of the Central Government or a State Government
or a local body,
17[* * *]
8. School certificate,
9. Birth certificate,
10. Certificate granted by a registered medical practitioner not below the
rank of a Civil Surgeon, as to the age of the applicant,
18[11. Any other document or documents as may be prescribed by the State Government
under clause (k) of section 28:]
Provided that where the applicant is not able to produce any of the above-mentioned
documents for sufficient reason, the licensing authority may accept any affidavit sworn
14 R. 4 substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
15 Item No. 1 "1. Ration Card" omitted by G.S.R.589(E),dated l6-9-2005 (vv.e.f.l6-9-2005).
16 Item No. 3-A "3-A. Janta Insurance Policy" omitted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f.
31-1-2000). Earlier it was inserted by G.S.R. 684(E), dated 15-10-1999 (w.e.f 22-10-1999).
17 Item No. 5 "5. Electricity or Telephone Bill" and Item No. 7 "7. Mouse Tax Receipt" omitted by
G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Before that Item Nos. 5,6 and 7 were inserted
by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000).
18 Item 11 inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
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by the applicant before an Executive Magistrate, or a First Class Judicial Magistrate or a
Notary Public as evidence of age and address.]
5. Medical certificate.—19[(1) Every application for the issue of a learner's licence or a
driving licence or for making addition of another class or description of a motor vehicle to
a driving licence or for renewal of a driving licence to drive a vehicle other than a
transport vehicle shall be accompanied by a self-declaration as to the physical fitness as
in Form 1 and every such application for a licence to drive a transport vehicle shall be
accompanied by a medical certificate in Form 1-A issued by a registered medical
practitioner referred to in sub-section (3) of section 8.]
20[(2) An application for a medical certificate shall contain a declaration in Form 1.
(3) A medical certificate issued in Form 1-A shall be valid for a period of one year from
the date of its issue. It shall be accompanied by a passport size copy of the photograph
of the applicant.]
6. Exemption from production of medical certificate.—Any person who has, after the date
of commencement of these rules, produced a medical certificate in connection with the
obtaining of a learner's licence or a driving licence, whether for initial issuance or for
renewal thereof, or for addition of another class of motor vehicles to his driving licence,
shall not be required to produce a medical certificate, except where the application is
made for the renewal of a driving licence.
7. Affixing of photograph to medical certificate.—A photograph of the applicant shall be
affixed at the appropriate place shown in 21[Form 1-A] and the registered medical
practitioner shall affix his signature and seal to the said photograph in such a manner
that the signature and the seal appear partly on the photograph and partly on the form of
the medical certificate:
22[* * *]
8. Minimum educational qualification for driving transport vehicles.—[Omitted by G.S.R.
933(E). dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).]
23[9. Educational qualifications for drivers of goods carriages carrying dangerous or
hazardous goods.—24[(1) One year from the date of commencement of Central Motor
19 Sub-R. (1) substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Before thai sub-R
(1) substituted by G.S.R. 684(E), dated 5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 5-10-1999).
20 Inserted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
21 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "Form 1" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
22 Proviso omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
23 R. 9 substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
7 Vehicles (Amendment) Rules, 1993, any person driving a goods carriage carrying goods
of dangerous or hazardous nature to human life shall, in addition to being the holder of a
driving licence to drive a transport vehicle, also has the ability to read and write at least
one Indian language out of those 25[specified in the VIII Schedule of the Constitution]
and English and also possess a certificate of having successfully passed a course
consisting of following syllabus and periodicity connected with the transport of such
goods.
Period of training 3 days
Place of training
Syllabus
At any institute recognised by the State Government
A. Defensive driving
Questionnaire Duration of training for A & B—1st and 2nd day
Cause of accidents
Accidents' statistics
Driver's personal fitness
Car condition
Braking distance
Highway driving
Road/ Pedestrian crossing
Railway crossing
Adapting to weather
1 lead on collision
Rear end collision
Night driving
Films and discussion
B. Advanced driving skills and
training
(/) Discussion
Before starting — Checklist
— outside/below/near vehicle
— product side
— inside vehicle
During driving — correct speed/gear
— signalling
— lane control
— overtaking/giving side
— speed limit/safe distance
— driving on slopes
Before stopping — sale stopping place, signalling, road width,
condition
After stopping — preventing vehicle movement
— wheel clocks
24 Sub-R. (1) substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
25 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
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— vehicle attendance
26[Night driving — mandatory lighting requirements
— headlamp alignment
— use of dipped beam]
(ii') Field test/training — 1 driver at a lime
C. Product safety — UN classification Dura tion
UN Panel — Hazchem Code of training
— Toxicity, for (C)
flammability, Third day.
other definitions
Product information — Tremcards
— CIS/MSDS
— Importance of temperature pressure, level
— Explosive limits
— Knowledge about equipment
Emergency procedure — Communication
— Spillage handling
— Use of PPE
— Fire fighting
— First Aid
— Toxic release control
— Protection of wells, rivers, lakes, etc.
— Use of protective equipment
— Knowledge about valves, etc.]
(2) The holder of a driving licence possessing the minimum educational qualification or
the certificate referred to in sub-rule (1), shall make an application in writing on a plain
paper alongwith his driving licence and the relevant certificate to the licensing authority
hi whose jurisdiction he resides for making necessary entries in Ms driving licence and if
the driving licence is in Form l\ the application shall be accompanied by the fee as is
referred to in Serial No. 8 of the Table to rule 32.
(3) The licensing authority, on receipt of the application referred to in sub-rule (2), shall
make an endorsement in the driving licence of the applicant to the effect that he is
authorised to drive a goods carriage carrying goods of dangerous or hazardous nature to
human life.
(4) A licensing authority other than the original licensing authority making any such
endorsement shall communicate the fact to the original licensing authority.]
Learner's licence
10. Application for learner's licence.—An application for the grant or renewal of a
learner's licence shall be made in Form 2 and shall be accompanied by,—
(a) save as otherwise provided in rule 6, a medical certificate in -27 [Form 1-A].
26 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
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(b) three copies of the applicant's recent 28[passport size photograph],
(c) appropriate fee as specified in rule 32,
(d) the case of an application for 29[transport vehicle], the driving licence held by the
applicant.
11. Preliminary test.—(1) Save as otherwise provided in sub-rule (2), every applicant
for a learner's licence shall present himself before the licensing authority on such date,
place and time, as the licensing authority may appoint, for a test and satisfy such
authority that the applicant possesses adequate knowledge and understanding of the
following matters, namely:—
(a) the traffic signs, traffic signals and the rules of the road regulations made under
section 118;
(b) the duties of a driver when his vehicle is involved in an accident resulting in the death
or bodily injury to a person or damage to property of a third party;
(c) the precautions to be taken while passing an unmanned railway crossing; and
(d) the documents he should carry with him while driving a motor vehicle.
30[(1-A) In determining as to whether an applicant possesses adequate knowledge and
understanding of the matters referred to in sub-rule (1), the licensing authority shall put
to the applicant questions of objective type such as specified in Annexure VI.
Explanation.—For the purpose of this sub-rule, "adequate knowledge" means answering
correctly at least 60 per cent of the questions put to him.]
(2) Nothing contained in sub-rule (1) shall apply to the following class of applicants,
namely:—
(a) the holder of an effective driving licence,
(b) the holder of a driving licence which has expired but five years have not elapsed,
(c) the holder of a learner's licence issued or renewed after the commencement of these
rules,
31[(d) the holder of a certificate to the effect of the possession of adequate knowledge
and understanding of the matters referred to in sub-rule (1), issued by any institution
recognized and notified in this regard by the State Government.]
27 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "Form 1" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
28 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "photograph of the size o\ live
centimeters" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
29 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "medium goods vehicle, a medium
passenger motor vehicle, a heavy goods vehicle, or a heavy passenger motor vehicle" (w.e.f. 31-
5-2002).
30 Inserted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
10
12. Consent of parent or guardian, in the case of application by minor.—In the case of
an application for a learner's licence to drive a 32[motor cycle without gear] by an
applicant under the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 4, the application shall be
signed by the parent or guardian of the applicant.
13. Form of learner's licence.—Every learner's licence issued by the licensing authority
shall be in Form 3.
Driving licence
14. Application for a driving licence.—33[(1)] An application for a driving licence shall be
made in Form 4 and shall be accompanied by,—
(a) an effective learner's licence to drive the vehicle of the type to which the application
relates;
(b) appropriate fee as specified in rule 32, for the test of competence to drive and issue
of licence;
(c) three copies of the applicant's recent 34[passport size photograph];
(d) save as otherwise provided in rule6,a medical certificate in 35[Form 1-A];
(e) a driving certificate in Form 5 issued by the school or establishment from where the
applicant received instruction, if any.
36[(2) An application for an International Driving Permit shall be made in Fonn 4-A and
shall be accompanied by—
(a) valid driving licence issued by the licensing autho rity und er these ru les;
(b) appropriate fee as specified in rule 32;
(c) three copies of the applicant's recent passport photograph;
(d) a medical certificate in Form 1-A;
(e) valid proof of Indian Nationals; if valid proof of passport; and
(g) valid proof of visa, wherever applicable.]
31 Inserted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Earlier CI. (d) was omitted by
G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000). Before that it was inserted by G .S. R. 684(E),
da ted 5-10-1999 (w.e. f. 22-10-1999).
32 Substituted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000, for "motor cycle with engine capacity not
exceeding 50cc" (w.e.f. 31-1-2000). Earlier these words were substituted by G.S.R. 684(E), dated
5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 22-10-1999)
33 R. 14 renumbered as sub-R. (1) thereof by G.S.R 720(E), dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
34 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "photograph of the size of five centimetres
by six centimetres" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
35 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "Form 1" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
36 Inserted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
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15. Driving test.—(1) No person shall appear for the test of competence to drive unless
he has held a learner's licence for a period of at least 37[thirty days].
(2) The test of competence to drive referred to in sub-section (3) of section 9 shall be
conducted by the licensing authority or such other person as may be authorised in this
behalf by the State Government in a vehicle of the type to which the application relates.
(3) The applicant shall satisfy the person conducting the test that he is able to—
(a) adjust rear-view mirror;
(b) take suitable precautions before starting the engine;
(c) move away safely and smoothly straight ahead at an angle, while at the same
time engaging all gears until the top gear is reached;
(d) to change to the lower gears quickly from the top gear when the traffic
conditions warrant such change;
(e) change quickly to lower gears when driving downhill;
if stop and re-start the vehicle on a steep upward incline making proper use of
the hand-brake or of the throttle and the foot-brake without any rolling back, turn
right and left corners correctly and make proper use of the rear-view mirror
before signalling;
(g) overtake, allow to be overtaken, meet or cover the path of other vehicles
safely and take an appropriate course of the road with proper caution giving
appropriate signals;
(h) give appropriate traffic signals at the appropriate time, in clear and
unmistakable manner by hand or by electrical indicators fitted to the vehicle;
(i) change the lanes with proper signals and with due care;
(j) stop the vehicle in an emergency or otherwise, and in the latter case, bring it
to rest at an appropriate course on the road safely, giving appropriate signals;
(k) m the case of vehicle having a reverse gear, driving the vehicle backwards,
reverse it into a limited opening either to the right or left under control and with
reasonable accuracy;
(/) cause the vehicle to face in the opposite direction by means of forward and
reverse gears;
(m) take correct and prompt action on the signals given by traffic signs, traffic
lights, traffic controllers, policemen and take appropriate action on signs given by
other road users;
37 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "six weeks" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
12
(n) act correctly at pedestrian crossings, which is not regulated by traffic lights or
traffic police, by giving preference to persons crossing the roads;
(o) keep well to the left in normal driving;
(p) regulate speed to suit varying road and traffic conditions;
(q) demonstrate general control of the vehicle by confident steering and smooth
gear changing and braking as and when necessary;
(r) make proper use of the rear-view mirror before signalling, beginning manoeuvring,
moving away, altering the course to overtake, turning right or stopping;
(s) use proper side when driving straight, turning right, turning left and at junction of the
road;
(t) make proper use of accelerator, clutch, gears, brakes (hand and foot) steering and
horn;
(U) anticipate the actions of pedestrians, drivers of other vehicles and cyclists;
(v) take precautions at cross roads and on road junctions with regard to:—
(i) adjustment of speed on approach,
(ii) proper use of rear-view mirror,
(iii) correct positioning of the vehicle before and after turning to the right or left,
(iv) avoidance of cutting right hand corners,
(v) looking right, left and right again before crossing or emerging;
(w) concentrate in driving without his attention being distracted and to demonstrate the
presence of mind;
(x) show courtesy and consideration for the safety and convenience of other road users,
such as pedestrians, drivers of other motor vehicles or cyclists.
16. Form of driving licence.—(1) Every driving licence issued or renewed by a
licensing authority shall be in Form 6.
(2) Where the licensing authority has the necessary apparatus, 38[for the issue of
a laminated card type or Smart Card type driving licence, such card type or Smart Card
type driving licence, as may be specified in the Notification issued by the concerned
State Government or Union Territory Administration,] shall be in Form 7.
(3) On and from the date of commencement of this sub-rule, every driving licence
issued or renewed by the licensing authority shall be in Form 7.
38 . Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "for the issue of a laminated card
type driving licence, such card type driving licence" (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
13
39[(4) Every International Driving Pemit issued by a licensing authority shall be in Form 6-
A and shall be valid for a period of not more than one year from the date of issue, as the
case may be, or till the validity of the driving licence, whichever is earlier.
(5) The automobile associations authorised by the State Government/ Union Territory
Administration shall be allowed to issue International Driving Permit to their own
members as also others subject to counter-signature by competent authority.]
17. Addition to driving licence.—(1) An application for addition of another class or
description of motor vehicle to the driving licence shall be made in Form 8 to the
licensing authority and shall be accompanied by—
(r) make proper use of the rear-view mirror before signaling, beginning maneuvering,
moving away, altering the course to overtake, turning right or stopping;
(s) use proper side when driving straight, turning right, turning left and at junction of the
road;
(t) make proper use of accelerator, clutch, gears, brakes (hand and foot) steering and
horn;
(U) anticipate the actions of pedestrians, drivers of other vehicles and cyclists;
(v) take precautions at cross roads and on road junctions with regard to:—
(i) adjustment of speed on approach,
(ii) proper use of rear-view mirror,
(iii) correct positioning of the vehicle before and after turning to the right or left,
(iv) avoidance of cutting right hand corners,
(v) looking right, left and right again before crossing or emerging;
(w) concentrate in driving without his attention being distracted and to demonstrate the
presence of mind;
(x) show courtesy and consideration for the safety and convenience of other road users,
such as pedestrians, drivers of other motor vehicles or cyclists.
16. Form of driving licence.—(1) Every driving license issued or renewed by a
licensing authority shall be in Form 6.
(2) Where the licensing authority has the necessary apparatus, 40[for the issue of a
laminated card type or Smart Card type driving licence, such card type or Smart Card
39 Inserted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
40 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "for the issue of a laminated card type
driving licence, such card type driving licence" (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
14
type driving licence, as may be specified in the Notification issued by the concerned
State Government or Union Territory Administration,] shall be in Form 7.
(3) On and from the date of commencement of this sub-rule, every driving licence issued
or renewed by the licensing authority shall be in Form 7.
41[(4) Every International Driving Pennit issued by a licensing authority shall be in Form
6-A and shall be valid for a period of not more than one year from the date of issue, as
the case may be, or till the validity of the driving licence, whichever is earlier.
(5) The automobile associations authorised by the State Government/ Union Territory
Administration shall be allowed to issue International Driving Permit to their own
members as also others subject to counter-signature by competent authority.]
17. Addition to driving licence.—(1) An application for addition of another class or
description of motor vehicle to the driving licence shall be made in Form 8 to the
licensing authority and shall be accompanied by—
(a) an effective learner's licence and driving licence held by applicant;
(b) in the case of an application for addition of a transport vehicle, the driving
certificate in Form 5;
42[* * *]
(d) appropriate fee as specified in rule 32. (2) The provisions of sub-section (1), subsection
(3) and sub-section (4) of section 9 shall, insofar as may be, apply in relation to
an application under subsection (1) as they apply in relation to an application for the
grant of a driving licence.
18. Renewal of driving licence.—(1) An application for the renewal of a driving licence
shall be made in Form 9 to the licensing authority having jurisdiction over the area in
which the applicant ordinarily resides or carries on business and shall be accompanied
by—
(a) appropriate fee as specified in rule 32;
(b) three copies of the applicant's recent 41,[passport size photograph], if renewal
is to be made in Form 6,
(c) the driving licence,
(d) the medical certificate in 43[Form 1-A].
41 Inserted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
42 CI. (c) omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
43 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "photograph of the size of five centimetres
by six centimetres" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
15
(2) Where the driving licence authorises the holder of such licence to drive a transport
vehicle as well as any other vehicle, then the licensing authority shall, subject to the
production of medical certificate, renew such licence for the appropriate period as
specified in sub-section (2) of section 14.
19. Refund of fee.—Where the licensing authority rejects an application for the renewal
of a driving licence under sub-section (5) of section 15, it shall refund half of the fee paid
for such renewal to the applicant, on an application made by him in that behalf not later
than thirty days from the date of receipt of the order rejecting the application.
20. Driving licence to drive motor vehicle belonging to the Defence Department.—The
authorities for the purpose of sub-section (1) of section 18 shall be—
(i) all the officers-commanding of Units of Army of and above the rank of Major;
(ii) all the officers-commanding of Units of Navy of and above the rank of
Lieutenant Commander;
(iii) all the officers-commanding of Units of Air Force of and above the rank of
Squadron Leader.
Disqualification
21. Powers of licensing authority to disqualify.—For the purpose of clause (J) of subsection
(1) of section 19, the commission of the following acts by holder of a driving
licence shall constitute nuisance or danger to the public, namely:—
(1) Theft of motor vehicle.
(2) Assault on passengers.
(3) Theft of personal effects of passengers.
(4) Theft of goods carried in goods carriages.
(5) Transport of goods prohibited under any law.
44[(6) Driver, while driving a transport vehicle, engages himself in activity which is likely
to disturb his concentration.]
(7) Abduction of passengers.
(8) Carrying overload in goods carriages.
(9) Driving at speed exceeding the specified limit.
(10) Carrying persons in goods carriage, either inside the driver's cabin in excess of its
capacity or on the vehicle, whether for hire or not.
(11) Failing to comply with the provisions of section 134.
(12) Failure to stop when signaled to do so by any person authorised to do so.
44 CI. (6) substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989(w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
16
(13) Misbehaviour with and showing discourtesy to passengers, intending passengers
or consignors and consignees of goods.
(14) Smoking while driving public service vehicles.
(15) Abandoning vehicle in a public place causing inconvenience to other road users or
to passengers in the vehicle.
(16) Driving vehicle while under the influence of drink or drugs.
(17) Interfering with any person mounting or preparing to mount upon any other vehicle.
(18) Allowing any person to sit or placing things in such a way as to impede the driver
from having a clear vision of the road or proper control of the vehicle.
(19) Not stopping a stage carriage at approved stopping places for a sufficient period of
time in a safe and convenient position upon demand or signal of the conductor or any
passenger desiring to alight from the vehicle and unless there is no room in the vehicle,
upon demand or signal of any person desiring to becoming a passenger.
(20) Loitering or unduly delaying any journey and not proceeding to the destination as
near as may be in accordance with the time table pertaining to the vehicle, or, where
there is no such time table, with all reasonable despatch.
(21) Not driving a contract carriage, in the absence of a reasonable cause, to the
destination named by the hirer by the shortest route.
(22) The driver of a motor cab not accepting the first offer of hire which may be made to
him irrespective of the length of the journey for which such offer is made.
(23) The driver of a motor cab demanding or extracting any fare in excess to that to
which he is legally entitled or refusing to ply motor cab.
45[(24) Abandoning a transport vehicle as a mark of protest or agitation of any kind or
strike in a public place or in any other place in a manner causing obstructions and
inconvenience to the public or passengers or other users of such places.]
46[(25) Using mobile phone while driving a vehicle.]
Endorsement in driving licence
22. Endorsement by Courts.—A Court convicting a holder of a licence, for any one of
the offences specified hereunder, shall endorse or cause to be endorsed in the driving
licence, the particulars of such conviction, namely:—
(a) Driving without a licence, or without a licence which is effective, or without a
licence applicable to the vehicle driven (section 3).
45 CI. (24) substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
46 Inserted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
17
(b) Allowing a licence to be used by another person (section 6(2)).
(c) Driving when disqualified (section 23).
(d) Driving an unregistered vehicle (section 39).
(e) Driving a transport vehicle not covered by a certificate of fitness (section 56).
(f) Driving a transport vehicle in contravention of section 66.
(g) Driving in contravention of rule 118.
(h) Failure to comply with provisions of section 114.
(i) Refusing or failing within specified time to produce licence or certificate of
registration (section 130).
(j) Failing to stop vehicle as required under section 132.
(k) Obtaining or applying for a licence without giving particulars of endorsement
(section 182).
(l) Driving at excessive speed (section 183).
(m) Driving dangerously (section 184).
(n) Driving while under the influence of drink or drugs (section 185).
(o) Driving when mentally or physically unfit to drive (section 186).
(p) Abetment of an offence punishable under section 183 or 186.
(q) Abetment of offence specified in section 188.
(r) Taking part in an unauthorised race or trial of speed, (section 189).
(s) Using vehicle in unsafe condition (section 190).
(t) Driving vehicle exceeding punishable limit or weight (section 194).
(u) Altering a licence or using an altered licence.
(v) An offence punishable with imprisonment in the commission of which a motor
vehicle was used.
State Register
23. State Register of driving licences.—(1) Each State Government shall maintain a
State Register of driving licences in respect of driving licences issued and renewed by
the licensing authorities in the State in Form 10.
(2) Each State Government shall send to the Director (Transport Research), Ministry of
Surface Transport, New Delhi, a printed copy of the register referred to in sub-rule (1).
Driving Schools and Establishments
24. Driving schools and establishments.—(1) No person shall establish or maintain
any driving school or establishment for imparting instructions for hire or reward in driving
motor vehicles without a licence in Form 11 granted by the licensing authority.
18
(2) An application for the grant or renewal of a licence under sub-rule (1) shall be made
in Form 12 or Form 13, as the case may be, to the licensing authority having jurisdiction
in the area in which the school or establishment is situated and shall be accompanied by
appropriate fee as specified in rule 32.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this rule and rules 25 to 28 "licensing authority"
means an officer not below the rank of the Regional Transport Officer of the Motor
Vehicles Department established under section 213.
(3) The licensing authority shall, when considering an application for the grant or renewal
of a licence under this rule, have regard to the following matters, namely:—
(i) the applicant and the staff working under him are of good moral character and are
qualified to give driving instructions;
(ii) the premises where the school or establishment is proposed to be conducted is either
owned by the applicant or is taken on lease by him or is hired in his name and it has
adequate provision for 47[conducting lecture and demonstration of models] besides
adequate parking area for the vehicles meant to be used for imparting instructions in
driving:
Provided that in respect of schools or establishments imparting instructions in driving of
motor vehicles or matters connected therewith immediately before the commencement
of these rules, the licensing authority may permit the conducting of instruction facilities in
the same premises where the school or establishment is housed for a period of six
months, notwithstanding the fact that the premises do not satisfy the conditions laid
down in this clause;
(iii) the financial resources of the proposed school or establishment are sufficient to
provide for its continued maintenance;
(iv) the applicant owns and maintains a minimum of one motor vehicle each of the type
in which instruction is imparted in the school or establishment;
(v) the vehicles are available exclusively for purposes of imparting instruction and all
such vehicles, except motor cycles, are fitted with dual control facility to enable the
instructor to control or stop the vehicle;
(vi) the applicant maintains the following apparatus, equipment and other requirements,
namely:—
47 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), coated 28-10-1989, for "a lecture hail, room for
demonstration of models, administrative section, reception room and sanitary block"
(w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
19
(a) a blackboard,
(b) a road plan board with necessary model signals and charts,
(c) traffic signs chart,
(d) chart on automatic signals and signals given by traffic controllers where there
are no automatic signals,
(e) a service chart depicting a detailed view of all the components of a motor
vehicle,
(f) engine gear box, 48[brake shoe and drums] (except where the applicant
desires to impart instruction in the driving of motor cycles only),
(g) puncture kit with tyre lever, wheel brace, jack and tyre pressure gauge,
(h) spanners (a set each of fix spanners, box spanners, pliers, screw drivers,
screw spanners, and hammer),
(i) driving instructions manual,
(j) benches and tables for trainees and work bench,
49[* * *]
49[* * *]
(m) a 50[collection] of books on automobile mechanism, driving, road safety, traffic
regulations, laws relating to motor vehicles and related subjects 51[***]
(n) a fully equipped first-aid box for use in emergency at the
premises;
52[* * *]
(viii) The applicant or any member of the staff employed by him for imparting instructions
possesses the following qualifications, namely:—
(a) a minimum educational qualification of a pass in the 10th standard,
(b) a minimum driving experience of five years in addition to a certificate in a
course in motor mechanics or any other higher qualification in mechanical
engineering from an institution established by the Central or a State Government
or from an institution recognised by the Board of Technical Education of a State
Government,
48 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for certain words (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
49 Cls. (k) and (Z) omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
50 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "library consisting" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
51. The words "both in English and the regional languages" omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-
10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
52 CI. (vii) omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
20
(c) thorough knowledge of traffic signs specified in the Schedule to the Act and
the regulations made under section 118,
(d) ability to demonstrate and to explain the functions of different components,
parts of the vehicles,
(e) adequate knowledge of English or the regional language of the region in
which the school or establishment is situated:
Provided that any person who has served as an instructor for a period of not less than
five years immediately before the commencement of these rules, is exempted from the
requirements of this sub-clause.
(2) Each State Government shall send to the Director (Transport Research), Ministry of
Surface Transport, New Delhi, a printed copy of the register referred to in sub-rule (1).
Driving Schools and Establishments
24. Driving schools and establishments.—(1) No person shall establish or maintain any
driving school or establishment for imparting instructions for hire or reward in driving
motor vehicles without a licence in Form 11 granted by the licensing authority.
(2) An application for the grant or renewal of a licence under sub-rule (1) shall be made
in Form 12 or Form 13, as the case may be, to the licensing authority having jurisdiction
in the area in which the school or establishment is situated and shall be accompanied by
appropriate fee as specified in rule 32.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this rule and rules 25 to 28 "licensing authority"
means an officer not below the rank of the Regional Transport Officer of the Motor
Vehicles Department established under section 213.
(3) The licensing authority shall, when considering an application for the grant or renewal
of a licence under this rule, have regard to the following matters, namely:—
(i) the applicant and the staff working under him are of good moral character and
are qualified to give driving instructions;
(ii) the premises where the school or establishment is proposed to be conducted
is either owned by the applicant or is taken on lease by him or is hired in his
name and it has adequate provision for 53[conducting lecture and demonstration
of models] besides adequate parking area for the vehicles meant to be used for
imparting instructions in driving:
53 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), coated 28-10-1989, for "a lecture hall, room for demonstration of
models, administrative section, reception room and sanitary block" (w.e.f. 18-10-1989).
21
Provided that in respect of schools or establishments imparting instructions in driving of
motor vehicles or matters connected therewith immediately before the commencement
of these rules, the licensing authority may permit the conducting of instruction facilities in
the same premises where the school or establishment is housed for a period of six
months, notwithstanding the fact that the premises do not satisfy the conditions laid
down in this clause;
(iii) the financial resources of the proposed school or establishment are sufficient to
provide for its continued maintenance;
(iv) the applicant owns and maintains a minimum of one motor vehicle each of the type
in which instruction is imparted in the school or establishment;
(v) the vehicles are available exclusively for purposes of imparting instruction and all
such vehicles, except motor cycles, are fitted with dual zontrol facility to enable the
instructor to control or stop the vehicle;
(vi) the applicant maintains the following apparatus, equipment and Dther requirements,
namely:—
(a) a blackboard,
(b) a road plan board with necessary model signals and charts,
(c) traffic signs chart,
(d) chart on automatic signals and signals given by traffic controllers where there
are no automatic signals,
(e) a service chart depicting a detailed view of all the components of a motor vehicle,
(f) engine gear box, 54[brake shoe and drums] (except where the applicant desires to
impart instruction in the driving of motor cycles only),
(g) puncture kit with tyre lever, wheel brace, jack and tyre pressure gauge,
(h) spanners (a set each of fix spanners, box spanners, pliers, screw drivers, screw
spanners, and hammer),
(i) driving instructions manual,
(j) benches and tables for trainees and work bench,
55[* * *] 55 [* * *]
(m) a 56[collection] of books on automobile mechanism, driving, road safety, traffic
regulations, laws relating to motor vehicles and related subjects 57[***]
54 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for certain words (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
55 Cls. (k) and (Z) omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
56 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "library consisting" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
22
(n) a fully equipped first-aid box for use in emergency at the premises;
58[* * *]
(viii) The applicant or any member of the staff employed by him for imparting instructions
possesses the following qualifications, namely:—
(a) a minimum educational qualification of a pass in the 10th standard,
(b) a minimum driving experience of five years in addition to a certificate in a course in
motor mechanics or any other higher qualification in mechanical engineering from an
institution established by the Central or a State Government or from an institution
recognised by the Board of Technical Education of a State Government,
(c) thorough knowledge of traffic signs specified in the Schedule to the Act and the
regulations made under section 118,
(d) ability to demonstrate and to explain the functions of different components, parts of
the vehicles,
(e) adequate knowledge of English or the regional language of the region in which the
school or establishment is situated:
Provided that any person who has served as an instructor for a period of not less than
five years immediately before the commencement of these rules, is exempted from the
requirements of this sub-clause.
(4) The licensing authority may, on receipt of an application under sub-rule (2) and after
satisfying that the applicant has complied with the requirements of sub-rule (3), grant or
renew a licence in Form 11 59[within a period of ninety days from receipt of such an
application],
(5) No application for licence shall be refused by the licensing authority unless the
applicant is given an opportunity of being heard and reasons for such refusal are given
in writing by the licensing authority.
25. Duration of a licence and renewal thereof.—A licence granted in Form 11 shall
be in force for a period of five years and may be renewed on an application in Form 13
made to the licensing authority which granted the licence not less than sixty days before
the date of its expiry:
57 The words "both in English and the regional languages" omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-
10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
58 CI. (vii) omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
59 Inserted byG.S.R. 589(E),dated 16-9-2005 (vv.e.f. 16-10-2005).
23
60[Provided that the validity of the said licence shall be subject to fulfilling the criteria as
prescribed by the State Government, which shall be certified by the licensing authority or
any other authority as may be prescribed for the purpose by the State Government on
an annual basis.]
26. Issue of duplicate licence.—(1) If at any time a licence granted under sub-rule (4)
of rule 24 is lost or destroyed, the holder of the licence shall forthwith intimate the loss to
the licensing authority which granted the licence and shall apply in writing to the said
authority, for a duplicate.
(2) On receipt of an application along with the appropriate fee as specified in rule 32, the
licensing authority shall issue a duplicate licence clearly marked "Duplicate".
(3) If after the issue of a duplicate licence, the original is found, the same shall be
surrendered forthwith to the licensing authority by which it was issued.
27. General conditions to be observed by the holder of a licence.—The holder of a
licence granted under rule 24 shall,—
(a) maintain on an annual basis, a register in Form 14 and an alphabetical list of
the names of the students admitted during the year;
(b) conduct the training course according to the syllabus specified in rule 31;
61(c) [* * *]
(d) issue to every student who has completed the course a certificate in Form 5;
(e) submit to the licensing authority which granted the licence such information or
return as may be called for by it from time to time for the purposes of this
Chapter;
(f) not shift the school or establishment from the premises mentioned in the
licence without the prior approval in writing of the licensing authority, which
granted the licence;
(g) keep the premises of the school or establishment and the record and
registers maintained by it at all reasonable times open for inspection by the
licensing authority or by any person authorised in this behalf by the licensing
authority;
(h) exhibit in a conspicuous manner on all the motor vehicles used for imparting
instructions the name, full address of the school or establishment and the
telephone number, if any, in bold letters;
60 Proviso added by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
61 CI. (c) omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (vv.e.f. 28-10-1989).
24
(i) maintain a record separately for each trainee showing the number of driving
hours spent every day in Form 15;
(j) display at a prominent place in its office the following:—
(i) the licence in original issued to the school or establishment by the
licensing authority, and
(ii) the names and addresses of instructors employed by the school or
establishment;
(k) not act in a manner calculated to mislead any person making an application to
receive instructions from the school or establishment as to his ability to procure a licence
for such person other than in accordance with these rules or to connive with any person
in acts of commission or omission with a view to circumventing the provisions of this
Chapter.
28. Power of the licensing authority to suspend or revoke licence.—(1) If the
licensing authority which granted the licence is satisfied, after giving the holder of the
licence an opportunity of being heard, that he has—
(a) failed to comply with the requirements specified in sub-rule (3) of rule 24; or
(b) failed to maintain the vehicles in which instructions are being imparted in
good condition; or
(c) failed to adhere to the syllabus specified in rule 31 in imparting instruction; or
(d) violated any other provision of rule 27, it may, for reasons to be recorded in
writing, make an order,—
(i) suspending the licence for a specified period; or
(ii) revoking the licence.
(2) Where the licence is suspended or revoked under sub-rule (1), the licence shall be
surrendered to the licensing authority by the holder thereof.
29. Appeal.—Any person aggrieved by any order of the licensing authority under subrule
(5) of rule 24, rule 25 or rule 28 may, within thirty days of the date of receipt of such
order, appeal to the Head of the Motor Vehicles Department established under section
213.
30. Procedure for appeal.—(1) An appeal under rule 29 shall be preferred in duplicate
in the form of a memorandum, setting forth the grounds of objections to the order of the
licensing authority and shall be accompanied by a certified copy of the order appealed
against and appropriate fee as specified in rule 32.
25
(2) The appellate authority, after giving an opportunity to the parties to be heard and
after such further enquiry, if any, as it may deem necessary, pass appropriate orders
62[within a period of forty five days from the date of receipt of such an appeal].
31. Syllabus for imparting instructions in driving of motor vehicles.—(1) The
syllabus for imparting instructions in driving of motor vehicles of the schools or
establishments shall be as follows (see tables below):—
A. DRIVING THEORY—I
1.
Know your vehicle control: Simple introduction to automobile engines and their
working.
2. Foot controls Foot brake, accelerator, clutch-dipper (not in present
models).
Hand controls Steering wheel, hand brake, horn, light, wipers, ignition
switch, starter, dipper and indicators.
Other controls Rear-view mirror (right and left side),
instrument cluster, gauges, dials, windscreen—their
purpose.
3. Pre-driving checks (i) Before sitting on driver's seat and
(ii) After sitting on driver's seat.
4. Beginning to drive Precautions just before moving,
While moving
Bitting point,
Moving,
Steering control,
Changing of gear,
Stopping,
Braking,
Accelerator (gradual, sudden)
Traffic sense, road sense, judgment, parking and
positioning according to road users,
Reversing.
5. Driving on the road Anticipation, judgment and road positioning according to
other road users.
6. Driving at inter-sections Mirror Signal and Maneuver (MSM) and Position Speed
and Look (PSL).
Zone of vision:
7. Maneuvers Merging and diverging maneuvers—turning maneuvers to
left, right, about, 3-point turn, 5-poinl turn and U-turn,
overtaking stationary vehicle, moving vehicle in left side
and right side.
8. Reversing Locating reverse gear in sitting position, speed control,
steering in reverse gear, weaving the 'S' bend and
common errors.
9. Parking Parallel, angular, perpendicular, parking facing uphill,
parking facing downhill, common errors.
11. Priority for certain vehicles Emergency vehicles Fire engines, and Ambulance.
62 Inserted by G.S.R. 589(E),dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-10-2005).
26
B. TRAFFIC EDUCATION—I
1. Driving regulations Road use regulations made under section
118 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
2. Hand signals
3. Traffic signs
4. Hand signals of Traffic constables/Traffic
warden.
5. Introduction to automatic light signals.
6. Introduction to road markings.
7. Speed regulations on highways and city
roads.
8. Parking at objectionable places.
9. Some important provisions of the Motor
Vehicles Act, 1988—Sections 122, 123,
125, 126 and 128 of the Motor Vehicles
Act, 1988.
Schedule to the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
10. Test of competence to drive Sub-rule (3) of rule 15 of the Central Motor
Vehicles Rules, 1989.
C. LIGHT VEHICLES DRIVING PRACTICE
1. Identification of various parts of the
vehicles.
2. Pre-driving checks (i) Before sitting on driver's seat, and
(ii) After sitting on driver's seal.
6. Steering practice —Push and pull method.
4. Bitting point
5. Moving and gear changing
6. Stopping: —Normal stopping —Emergency
stopping.
7. Developing judgment and anticipation to
drive on road.
8. Reversing —In straight
—in S bends.
9. Turning about and parking.
10. Licensing.
D. VEHICLE MECHANISM AND REPAIRS
1. Layout of vehicle.
2. Function of diesel and petrol engine.
3. Fuel system —Fuel lines
—Fuel injection pump
—Automiser
—Airlock —Oil block.
4. Cooling system —Purpose —Radiator
—Water pump
—Fan leaf/fan belt
—Radiator water boiling
—Rectification.
27
5. Lubrication system —Purpose
—Engine lubrication
—Chassis lubrication
—Oil grade numbers unilwise.
(a) Clutch:
—Function
—Slip
—Rising
—Linkages
(b) Gearbox:
—Function
—Purpose
—Parts
(c) Propeller shaft:
—Function / purpose
—Yoke joint
—C.J. bearing slip
—"U" joint
—Lubrication
6. Transmission system
(d) Differential:
—Purpose
—Function/Noise.
—Purpose
—Springs
—Shackle, shackle pinbushes
7. Suspension system
—Shock absorber and its bushes.
—Purpose
—Steering geometry
—Steering linkages
8. Steering system
—Steering box
—Purpose
—Hydraulic brake andits know-how
—Air assisted hydraulic brake and its know-how
9. Brake system
—Air brake and its know-how
—Brake adjustment of the entire system.
—Battery and its condition
—Dynamo/Alternator
—Self motor—Starter motor regulators
10. Electrical system
—Lights—Knowledge to read the charging rate in the Ampere
meter.
—Study of tyres
—Maintenance
11. Tyres
—Effect of defective tyres and wheel alignment.
12. Instruments cluster, dash
board meters and their
purposes and functions.
28
E. MEDIUM AND HEAVY VEHICLE DRIVING:
DRIVING THEORY—II
1. Qualities of a good driver —Patience, responsibility, self-confidence, anticipation,
concentration, courtesy, defensive driving, knowledge of
road rules/regulations, knowledge of vehicle controls,
maintenance and simple mechanism.
2. Knowledge of vehicle controls —Major controls
—Minor controls.
3. Response to controls —Accelerator
—Brake—Gradual /Sudden /Sudden tierce
—Clutch
—Steering.
4. Pre-driving checks (i) Before sitting on driver's seat, and (//) after sitting on
driver's seat.
5. Holding steering wheel —Push and pull method practice —on the move
—while gear changing
—while turning
—while sounding horn
—while operating dash board switches
—while signalling
—on emergency.
—Double de-clutching, importance and procedure single
clutching
—Gear up procedure, shifting to lower gears
6. Gear changing
—Gear down procedure, shifting to higher gears.
7. Beginning to drive —I gear
—II gear
—Ill gear
—IV gear
—V gear
—Reverse gear
—Over drive/optional.
8. M.S.M. and P.S.L. Routines.
9. Manoeuvres —Passing
—Merging
—Diverging
—Overtaking
—Crossing
—Turning
—Cornering
—Reversing
—Parking.
10. Slopping —Normal stopping
—Emergency stopping
—Use of engine brake/ exhaust brake.
11. Stopping distance —Reaction distance
—Braking distance.
12. Following distance —Meaning
—Distance method
—Car length method
—2seconds time rule method.
13. Identification, prediction,
decision and execution (IPDE)
principle.
14. Defensive driving techniques Judgment Anticipation Escape route.
29
15. Night driving Location of head light switch
Procedure
Obligation to light the lamps, restriction on lighting
the lamps.
16. Hill driving Starling in hill using the parking brake method
Slipping the clutch method Driving uphill Driving
downhill.
17. Emergency manoeuvres Prevention is better than cure in case of skidding,
horn
stuck
Fire, wheels coming out
Brake failure
Broken stub axle Burst of front tyre Steering
wobbling
Snapping of steering linkages Jamming of
accelerator pedal
Snapping of clutch rod
Under special circumstances like chances of
collision with a disabled vehicle.
Brake failure during downhill
Sudden obstruction in front of the vehicle
18. Driving under special
conditions In wet weather
In dawn, dusk and misty roads In dense traffic.
Procedure 19. Towing (trailer driving) On tow board
Speed of towing
Reversing and positioning the vehicle with trailers.
20. Fuel saving methods
21. Reports—discussions
F. TRAFFIC EDUCATION—II
1. Know your road Functional classification
Design speeds
Road geometries
Surface types and characteristics
Slopes and elevation.
2. Slight distance At bends
At intersections.
3. Road junctions Principles and types
I junctions
Y junctions
4-Arm junctions
Staggered junctions
Controlled junctions
Uncontrolled junctions.
4. Traffic islands Types of round about Channelisers, median.
5. Bye-pass, subway, Purpose
over-bridge and flyovers Driving procedures.
30
G. PUBLIC RELATIONS FOR DRIVERS
Some basic aspects about ethical and courteous behaviour with other road users
H. HEAVY VEHICLE DRIVING PRACTICE
1. Introduction of various instruments Dial gauges and controls.
2. Pre-driving checks (i) Before sitting on driver's seat, and (ii)
After sitting on driver's seat.
3. Beginning to drive Bitting point, moving, changing
gear including double de-clutch
steering, stopping, hand signals.
4. Rural road driving Application of IBDE—principle.
5. Development of judgment: Passing, overtaking, merging,
diverging, M.S.M. and P.S.L. routine
method of practice, defensive driving
technique, proper following.
6. Development of anticipation: Turning, meeting, entering and emerging
in junctions, lane selection and lane
discipline, intersection, observa Hon.
7. Developing skill to drive in crowded streets.
8. Nigh l driving.
9. Cross country practice and hill driving.
10. Internal-trade test.
11. Reversing and parking practice.
12. Licensing.
I. FIRE HAZARDS
Fire-fighting and prevention methods on vehicle.
J. VEHICLE MAINTENANCE
1. Factors affecting the vehicle parts due to
bad and negligent driving.
2. General day-to-day maintenance and
periodical maintenance.
3. Battery maintenance.
4. Tyre maintenance and tube vulcanizing.
5. Engine tune up.
6. Checking wheel alignment.
7. Brake adjustment.
8. Accelerator, brake, clutch-pedal
adjustment.
9. Fan belt adjustments.
10. Observation of dash-board meters.
11. Lubrication.
12. Removal of air lock and oil block.
K. FIRST-AID
1. Introduction to first-aid.
2. Outline of first-aid.
3. Structure and functions of the body.
4. Dressings and bandages.
5. The circulation of the blood.
6. Wounds and haemorrhage.
7. Haemorrhage from special regions.
8. Shock.
31
9. Respiration.
10. Injuries to bones.
11. Burning scales.
12. Unconsciousness (insensibility).
13. Poisons.
[(2) The lessons for training drivers of non-transport vehicles shall cover Parts A, B, C, F,
G and K of the syllabus referred to in sub-rule (1) and the training period shall not be
less than twenty-one days:
Provided that in case of motor cycles, it shall be sufficient compliance with the
provisions, if portion of Part C of syllabus as applicable to such vehicles are covered.
(3) The lessons for training drivers of transport vehicles shall cover Parts E, F, G, H, I, J
and K of the syllabus referred to in sub-rule (1) and the training period shall not be less
than thirty days:
Provided that this sub-rule shall not apply in respect of drivers holding driving licence to
drive medium goods vehicle or medium passenger motor vehicle who had undergone
the lessons after the commencement of tins rule, and desiring to obtain a driving licence
to drive heavy goods vehicle or heavy passenger motor vehicle.
(4) The actual driving hours for trainees in driving non-transport vehicles shall not be
less than ten hours and actual driving hours for trainees in driving transport vehicles
shall not be less than fifteen hours:
Provided that in the case of drivers holding driving licence to drive medium goods
vehicle or medium passenger motor vehicles undergoing training for heavy motor
vehicles, it shall be sufficient if they undergo training in driving for a period of not less
than five hours.
63[(5) Nothing in this rule shall apply in the case of an applicant whose driving licence
authorises him to drive a motor cycle or a three-wheeler non-transport vehicle or a motor
car, applying for a licence to drive a motor cab of the respective type, or in the case of
an applicant holding a driving licence to drive a tractor, applying for a licence to drive a
tractor-trailer combination.]
(6) Where any trainee possesses first-aid certificate issued by St. John Ambulance
Association, he need not undergo Part K of the syllabus referred to in sub-rule (1).]
64[31-A. Temporary licence.—(1) Where there is no school or establishment as is
referred to in sub-section (4) of section 12 or granted a licence under sub-rule (4) of rule
24, in any Taluk within the jurisdiction of the licensing authority, the licensing authority
63 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
64 Inserted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
32
may, notwithstanding any tiling contained in sub-rules (3) and (4) of rule 24 or rule 25,
grant a temporary licence to any establishment or any person for imparting instructions
in the driving of a transport vehicle, subject to the following conditions, namely:—
(a) the temporary licence shall be valid for a period of one year from the date of its issue:
Provided that as long as the Taluk does not have any school or establishment, the
licensing authority may renew a temporary licence granted under this sub-rule for a
further period not exceeding one year at a time;
(b) the person imparting instructions in the driving of a transport vehicle shall possess
the following qualifications, namely:—
(i) a minimum driving experience of five years in the class of vehicles in which
instructions are proposed to be imparted;
(ii) adequate knowledge of the regional language of the region in which the
school or establishment is situated;
(iii) thorough knowledge of traffic signs specified in the Schedule to the Act and
the Regulations made under section 118;
(iv) ability to demonstrate and explain the functions of different components and
parts of a vehicle;
(c) the applicant shall maintain a motor vehicle each of the type in which the instruction
is imparted and also the following apparatus, namely:—
(i) a blackboard;
(ii) traffic sign chart;
(iii) a service chart depicting a detailed view of all the components of a motor
vehicle;
(iv) puncture kit with tyre lever, wheel brace, jack;
(v) spanners (a set each of fixed spanners, box spanners, screw driver, screw
spanners and hammer).
(2) The driving schools run by a State Transport Undertaking or an Industrial Training
Institute set up by the Central Government or any State Government and other
establishments run by the Central Government or a State Government which have
facilities for imparting training for drivers, shall be authorised to issue driving certificates
in Form 5, subject to the condition that the training imparted in these schools shall be in
accordance with the syllabus referred to in rule 31.]
32. Fees.—The fees which shall be charged under the provisions of this Chapter shall
be as specified in the Table below:—
33
65[TABLE
Serial
No.
Purpose Amount Rule Section
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
1. In respect of issue or renewal of learner's
licence for each class of vehicle.
Thirty rupees 10 8
2. In respect of issue of a driving licence in
Form 6.
Forty rupees 140) 9
66[2-A. In respect of issue of International Driving
Permit in Form6-A
Five hundred
rupees
14(2)(b) 9]
3. In respect of issue of a d riving licence in
Form 7.
67[Two hundred
rupees] including
the cost of
computerized chip
140) 9
4. For test of competence to drive. Fifty rupees 14(b) 9
5. In respect of addition of another class of
vehicle to driving licence in Form 6.
Thirty rupees 17(1)(d)
11
6. In respect of renewal of driving licence in
Form 6.
68[Fifty rupees] 18(1)(a) 15
7. In respect of renewal of a driving licence in
Form 6 to drive a motor vehicle for which
application is made after the grace period
69[Hundred rupees
and an additional
fee at the rate of
fifty rupees for a
period of delay of
one year or part
thereof reckoned
from the date of
expiry of the grace
period]
15
8. In respect of addition of another class of
motor vehicle to the driving licence in
Form 7 and renewal of driving licence in Form
7.
70[Two hundred
rupees] including
the cost of
computerized chip
17(1)(d)
18(1 ){a)
11
9. In respect of issue and renewal of licence to a
school or establishment for imparting
instructions in driving.
Two thousand
and five hundred
rupees
24(2) 12
10. In respect of issue of duplicate licence to the
school or establishment imparting instructions
in driving.
Two thousand and
five hundred
rupees
26(2) 12
11. In respect of an appeal against the orders of
licensing authority referred to in rule 30.
One hundred
rupees
30(1) 17]
65 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Earlier the Table was
substituted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-T2000). Before that the Table was
substituted by G.S.R. 684 (E), dated 5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 22-10-1999).
66 Inserted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
67 Substituted by G.S.R 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "One hundred and fifty rupees" (w.e.f. 31-5-
2002).
68 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "Thirty rupees" (w.e.f. 31 -5-2002),
69 Substituted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003, for "Thirty rupees" (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
70 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "One hundred and fifty rupees" (w.e.f. 31-5-
2002).
34
CHAPTER III
REGISTRATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES
Trade certificate
33. Condition for exemption from registration.—For the purpose of the proviso to
section 39, a motor vehicle in the possession of a dealer shall be exempted from the
necessity of registration subject to the condition that he obtains a trade certificate from
the registering authority having jurisdiction in the area in which the dealer has his place
of business in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.
34. Trade certificate.—(1) An application for the grant or renewal of a trade certificate
shall be made in Form 16 and shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee as specified
in rule 81.
(2) Separate application shall be made for each of the following classes of vehicles,
namely:—
(a) motor cycle;
(b) invalid carriage;
(c) light motor vehicle;
(d) medium passenger motor vehicle;
(e) medium goods vehicle;
if) heavy passenger motor vehicle;
(g) heavy goods vehicle;
(h) any other motor vehicle of a specified description.
35. Grant or renewal of trade certificate.—(1) On receipt of an application for the grant
or renewal of a trade certificate in respect of a vehicle, the registering authority may, if
satisfied that the applicant is a bona fide dealer and requires the certificates specified in
the application, issue to the applicant one or more certificates, as the case may be, in
Form 17 71[within thirty days from the date of receipt of such an application] and shall
assign in respect of each certificate a trade registration mark consisting of the
registration mark referred to in the notification made under sub-section (6) of section 41
and followed by two letters and a number containing not more than three digits for each
vehicle, for example:-
AB—Represent State Code.
12—Registration District Code.
TCI—Trade certificate number for the vehicle.
71 Inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-10-2005).
35
(2) No application for trade certificate shall be refused by the registering authority unless
the applicant is given an opportunity of being heard and reasons for such refusal are
given in writing.
36. Refund.—Where the registering authority refuses to issue or renew a trade
certificate, it shall refund to the applicant fifty per cent of the fee paid along with the
application.
37. Period of validity.—A trade certificate granted or renewed under rule 35 shall be in
force for a period of twelve months from the date of issue or renewal thereof and shall be
effective throughout India.
38. Issue of duplicate certificate.—(1) If at any time the trade certificate is lost or
destroyed, its holder shall report to the police station in the jurisdiction of which the loss
or destruction has occurred and intimate the fact in writing to the registering authority by
whom the certificate was issued and apply in Form 18 to the said authority for a
duplicate certificate accompanied by the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81.
(2) On receipt of an application alongwith the fee, the registering authority may issue a
duplicate "Trade Certificate" clearly "marked "Duplicate".
(3) If after the issue of a duplicate certificate the original is traced, the same shall be
surrendered forthwith to the registering authority by which it was issued.
39. Use of trade registration mark and number.—(1) A trade registration mark and
number shall not be used upon more than one vehicle at a tune or upon any vehicle
other than a vehicle bona fide in the possession of the dealer in the course of his
business or on any type of vehicle other than the one for which the trade certificate is
issued.
(2) The trade certificate shall be carried on a motor vehicle in a weatherproof circular
folder and the trade registration mark shall be exhibited in a conspicuous place in the
vehicle.
40. Restrictions on use of trade certificate or trade registration mark and
number.—A trade certificate shall be used only by the person to whom it is issued and
such person shall not allow or offer or cause the certificate or the number assigned in
connection therewith to be used by any other person:
Provided that the provision of this rule shall not apply where the person to whom the
certificate is granted, or a person bona fide in his employment and acting under his
authority, or any other person bona fide acting on behalf of the holder of a trade
certificate is present in the vehicle, or if such vehicle is designed for use by only one
36
person and is being used by a prospective purchaser of that vehicle for the purpose of
reasonable test or trial.
41. Purposes for which motor vehicle with trade certificate may be used.— The
holder of a trade certificate shall not use any vehicle in a public place under that
certificate for any purpose other than the following:—
(a) for test, by or on behalf of the holder of a trade certificate during the course
of, or after completion of, construction or repair; or
(b) for proceeding to or returning from a weigh bridge for or after weighment, or
to and from any place for its registration; or
(c) for a reasonable trial or demonstration by or for the benefit of a prospective
purchaser and for proceeding to or returning from the place where such person
intends to keep it; or
(d) for proceeding to or returning from the premises of the dealer or of the
purchaser or of any other dealer for the purpose of delivery; or
(e) for proceeding to or returning from a workshop with the objective of fitting a
body to the vehicle or painting or for repairs; or
if) for proceeding to and returning from airport, railway station, wharf for or after
being transported; or
(g) for proceeding to or returning from an exhibition of motor vehicles or any
place at which the vehicle is to be or has been offered for sale; or
(h) for removing the vehicle after it has been taken possession of by or on behalf
of the financier due to any default on the part of the other party under the
provisions of an agreement of hire-purchase, lease or hypothecation.
42. Delivery of vehicle subject to registration.—No holder of a trade certificate shall
deliver a motor vehicle to a purchaser without registration, whether temporary or
permanent.
43. Register of trade certificate.—(1) Every holder of a trade certificate shall maintain
a register in Form 19 in duplicate which shall be in a bound book, with pages numbered
serially.
(2) The particulars referred to in Form 19 except the time of return under column 7, shall
be entered in the register before the commencement of each trip by the holder of the
trade certificate or his representative and a duplicate copy of Form 19 made prior to the
commencement of each trip shall be carried during the trip by the driver of the vehicle
37
and shall be produced on demand by any officer empowered to demand production of
documents by or under the Act.
(3) The holder of a trade certificate shall, at the end of a trip, fill in column 7 of Form 19
(both original and duplicate), and the register and the duplicate shall be open for
inspection by the registering authority.
44. Suspension or cancellation of trade certificate.—If the registering authority has
reason to believe that the holder of any trade certificate has not complied with the
provisions of rules 39 to 43, it may, after giving the holder an opportunity of being heard,
suspend or cancel the trade certificate held by him.
45. Appeal.—Any person aggrieved by an order of the registering authority under rule
35 or rule 44 may, within thirty days of the receipt of any such order, appeal to the head
of the Motor Vehicles Department established under section 213.
46. Procedure for appeal.—(l)The appeal referred to in rule 45 shall be preferred in
duplicate in the form of a memorandum, setting forth the grounds of objections to the
order of the registering authority and shall be accompanied by appropriate fee as
specified in rule 81 and a certified copy of the order appealed against.
(2) The appellate authority, after giving an opportunity to the parties to be heard and
after such enquiry, if any, as it deems necessary, pass appropriate orders 72[within the
period of thirty days from the date of receipt of such an appeal].
47. Application for registration of motor vehicles.—(1) An application for registration
of a motor vehicle shall be made in Form 20 to the registering authority within a period of
73[seven days] from the date of taking delivery of such vehicle, excluding the period of
journey and shall be accompanied by—
(a) sale certificate in Form 21;
(b) valid insurance certificate;
74[(c) copy of the proceedings of the State Transport Authority or Transport
Commissioner or such other authorities as may be prescribed by the State
Government for the purpose of approval of the design in the case of a trailer or a
semi-trailer;]
(d) original sale certificate from the concerned authorities in Form 21 in the case
of ex-army vehicles;
72 Inserted by GSR. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-10-2005).
73 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "two days" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
74 CI. (c) substituted byG.S.R. 338(E),daled 26-3-1993(w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
38
(e) proof of address by way of any one of the documents referred to in rule 4;
(f) temporary registration, if any;
(g) road-worthiness certificate in Form 22 from the manufacturers, 75[Form 22-A from the
body builders];
76[(h) custom's clearance certificate in the case of imported vehicles along with the
licence and bond, if any:
Provided that in the case of imported vehicles other than those imported under the
Baggage Rules, 1998, the procedure followed by the registering authority shall be same
as those procedure followed for registering of vehicles manufactured in India, and]
(z) appropriate fee as specified in rule 81. (2) In respect of vehicles temporarily
registered, application under sub-rule (1) shall be made before the temporary
registration expires.
48. Issue of certificate of registration.—On receipt of an application under rule 47 and
after verification of the documents furnished therewith, the registering authority shall,
subject to the provisions of section 44, issue to the owner of the motor vehicle a
77[certificate of registration in Form 23 or Form 23-A, as may be specified in the
Notification issued by the concerned State Government or Union Territory
Administration] 72[within the period of thirty days from the receipt of such an application]:
69[Provided that where the certificate of registration pertains to a transport vehicle it shall
be handed over to the registered owner only after recording the certificate of fitness in
Form 38 78[within the period of thirty days from the date of receipt of such an
application].]
49. Registration records to be kept by the registering authority.—Every registering
authority shall keep in Form 24 a permanent register of motor vehicles registered by it
under section 41 and of motor vehicles of other States for which new registration marks
are assigned by it under sub-section (2) of section 47 and shall also enter in such record
under the respective registration numbers, all changes made with reference to the
provisions of sub-section (10) or sub-section (14) of section 41, sub-section (5) of
section 49, sub-section (6) of section 50, sub-sections (1), (2), (3) and (5) of section 51,
75 Added by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
76 CI. (h) substituted byG.S.R. 83(E), dated 5-2-2003 (w.e.f. 5-2-2003).
77 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002, for "certificate of registration in Form 23" (w.e.f.
31-5-2002).
78 Added by G.S.R 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
39
sub-section (4) of section 52, orders of suspension under section 53 and order of
cancellation under sections 54 and 55.
79[50. Form and manner of display of registration marks on the motor vehicles.—80[(1)
On or after commencement of this rule, the registration mark referred to in sub-section
(6) of section 41 shall be displayed both at the front and at the rear of all motor vehicles
clearly and legibly in the form of security license plate of the following specifications,
namely:—
(i) the plate shall be a solid unit made of 1.0 mm aluminium conforming to DIN 1745/DIN
1783 or ISO 7591. Border edges and corners of the plate shall be rounded to avoid
injuries to the extent of approx. 10 mm and the plates must have an embossed border.
The plate shall be suitable for hot stamping and reflective sheet has to be guaranteed for
imperishable nature for minimum five years. The fast colouring of legend and border to
be done by hot stamping;
(ii) the plate should bear the letters "IND" in blue colour on the extreme left centre of the
plate. The letter should be one-fourth of the size of letters mentioned in rule 51 and
should be buried into the foil or applied by hot stamping and should be integral part of
the plate;
(iii) each plate shall be protected against counterfeiting by applying chromium-based
hologram, applied by hot stamping. Stickers and adhesive labels are not permitted. The
plate shall bear a permanent consecutive identification number of minimum seven digits,
to be laser branded into the reflective sheeting and hot stamping film shall bear a
verification inscription;
(iv) apart from the registration marks on the front and rear, the third registration mark in
the form of self-destructive type, chromium based hologram sticker shall be affixed on
the left-hand top side of the windshield of the vehicle. The registration details such as
registration number, registering authority, etc., shall be printed on the sticker. The third
registration mark shall be issued by the registering authorities/approved dealers of the
license plates manufacturer alongwith the regular registration marks, and thereafter if
such sticker is destroyed it shall be issued by the license plate manufacturer or his
dealer;
79 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
80 Sub-R. (1) substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 as amended by S.O. 938(E), dated
24-9-2001, S.O. 499(E), dated 9-5-2002 and S.O. 59(E), dated 21-1-2003 (w.e.f. 1-1-2004).
40
(v) the plate shall be fastened with non-removable/non-reusable snap lock fitting system
on rear of the vehicle at the premises of the registering authority;
The license plates with all the above specifications and the specified registrations for a
vehicle shall be issued by the registering authority or approved the license plates
manufacturers or their dealers. The Central Road Research Institute, New Delhi or any
of the agency authorized by the Central Government shall approve the license plates
manufacturers to the above specification;
(vi) the size of the plate for different categories of vehicles shall be as follows:—
For two and three-wheelers 200 x 100 mm
For Light Motor Vehicles/Passenger cars 340x200mm/500x 120 mm
For medium commercial vehicles, heavy
commercial vehicles and Trailer/combination
340 x200 mm:
Provided that this sub-rule shall apply to already registered vehicles two years from the
date of commencement:]
81[Provided further that the size of the registration plates for agricultural tractors shall be
as follows:—
Front - - 285x45 mm
Rear - 200x100 mm]:
82[Provided also that the size of registration plate for power tiller shall be 285x45 mm and
shall be exhibited at the front. Further, in case of trailer coupled to power tiller, the size
of registration plate shall be 200x100 mm and shall be exhibited on its rear:]
83[Provided also that in case of a motor cycle, the size of 285x45 mm for front
registration plate shall also be permitted.]
(2) In the case of motor cycles the registration mark in the front shall be displayed
parallel to the handle bar or on any part of the vehicle including mudguard facing the
front instead of, on a plate in line with the axis of the vehicle:] Provided that—
(a) the registration mark exhibited at the rear of a transport vehicle shall be affixed to the
vehicle on the right hand side at a distance not exceeding one metre from the ground as
may be reasonably possible having regard to the type of the body of the vehicle;
(b) the registration mark shall also be painted on the right and left side on the body of the
vehicle in the case of a transport vehicle;
(c) the registration mark shall also be painted and exhibited on the partition provided
between the driver and the passengers, facing the passengers' seats or, where there is
81 Inserted by G.S.R. 720(E),dated 10-9-2003 (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
82 Third proviso inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
83 Fourth proviso inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
41
no such partition, on the front interior of the vehicle near the roof to the left side of the
driver's seat facing the passengers' seats in the case of a stage carriage or a contract
carriage and in the case of a motor cab or a taxi cab it shall be sufficient if the
registration mark is painted on the dash-board;
84[(d) the letters of the registration mark shall be in English and the figures shall be in
Arabic numerals and shall be shown:—
(A) in the case of transport vehicles in black colour on yellow background; and
(B) in other cases, in black colour on white background, the registration mark on the
trailer shall be exhibited on the left hand side in black colour on yellow background. In
addition, the registration mark on the drawing vehicle shall be exhibited on the trailer
also and this shall be done on the right hand side at the rear of the trailer or the last
trailer as the case may be, in black colour on retro-reflective type yellow background:
Provided that where provisions of this clause have not been complied with in respect of
motor vehicle, on or before the commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (8th
Amendment) Rules, 2001, then the provisions shall be complied with,—
(i) in respect of transport vehicle, on or before 1st February, 2002; and
(ii) in other cases, on or before 1st July, 2002.]
85[(3) The registration mark shall be exhibited in two lines, the State code and registering
authority code forming the first line and the rest forming the second line, one below the
other:
Provided that the registration mark in the front may be exhibited in one line:
Provided further that in models of vehicles having no sufficient provision at the rear to
exhibit the registration mark in two lines, it shall be sufficient if in such vehicles
registration mark is exhibited hi a single line:
Provided further that registration mark on a light motor vehicle may be in the centre with
illumination.
(4) Every motor vehicle, except motor cab and motor car, manufactured on and from the
date of commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Rules, 1993, shall
be provided with sufficient space in the rear for display of registration mark in two lines.
(5) In case of agricultural tractors, the registration mark need not be inclined to the
86[vertical plane by more than 45 degrees].
84 CI. (d) substituted by G.S.R. 901(E), dated 13-12-2001 (w.e.f. 13-12-2001). Earlier CI.
(d) was substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
85 Added by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
42
(6) The registration mark of the drawing agricultural tractor may not be exhibited on the
agricultural trailer or trailers.]
87[51. Size of letters and numerals of the registration mark.—The dimension of letters
and figures of the registration mark and the space between different letters and
numerals and letters and edge of the plain surface shall be as follows:—
Dimensions Sl. not less than
No.
Class of vehicle
Height Thickness Space
between
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
1. All motor cycles and three-wheeled
invalid carriages
Rear-letters 35 7 5
2. All motor cycles and three-wheeled
invalid carriages
Rear-numeral 40 7 5
3. Motorcycles with engine capacity
less than 70 cc
Front-letters &
numerals
15 2.5 2.5
4. Other motor cycles Front-letters &
numerals
30 5 5
88[5. Three-wheelers of engine capacity
not exceeding 500 cc
Rear and front
numerals and
letters
35 7 5
6. Three-wheelers of engine capacity
exceeding 500 cc
Rear and front
numerals and
letters
40 7 5]
7. All other motor vehicles Rear and front
letters and
numerals
65 10 10]
89[8. Power tillers Front letters and
numerals
15 2.5 2.5
9. Trailers coupled to power tillers Rear letters and
numerals
30 5 5]
52. Renewal of certificate of registration.—(1) An application by or on behalf of the
owner of a motor vehicle, other than a transport veliicle, for the renewal of a certificate of
registration, shall be made to the registering authority in whose jurisdiction the veliicle is,
in Form 25 not more than sixty days before the date of its expiry, accompanied by the
appropriate fee as specified in rule 81.
(2) On receipt of an application under sub-rule (1), the registering authority shall refer the
vehicle to the authority referred to in sub-section (1) of section 56 and after obtaining a
certificate of fitness from that authority, renew the certificate of registration:
86 Substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for "vertical by more than 30 degrees" (w.e.f.
10-8-2004).
87 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
88 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
89 Inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
43
Provided that in a case where the certificate of fitness is granted on a date after the
expiry of a certificate of registration, the renewal shall be made from the date of grant of
the certificate of fitness for a period of five years.
(3) A motor vehicle other than a transport vehicle shall not be deemed to be validly
registered for the purposes of section 39, after the expiry of the period of validity entered
in the certificate of registration and no such vehicle shall be used in any public place until
its certificate of registration is renewed under sub-rule (2).
53. Issue of duplicate certificate of registration.—(1) if at any time, the certificate of
registration is lost or destroyed the owner shall report to the police station in the
jurisdiction of which the loss or destruction has occurred and intimate that fact in writing
to the registering authority by whom the certificate of registration was issued.
(2) An application for the issue of a duplicate certificate of registration shall be made to
the 90[last registering authority] in Form 26 and shall be accompanied by the appropriate
fee as specified in rule 81.
54. Assignment of new registration mark.—(1) An application for the assignment of a
new registration mark under sub-section (1) of section 47 shall be made in Form 27 and
shall be accompanied by a no objection certificate in Form 28 along with the appropriate
fee as specified in rule 81, within a period of thirty days from the date of expiry of the
period specified in the said section:
Provided that where a motor vehicle is intended to be kept in a State for a period
exceeding twelve months and the owner of such vehicle makes a declaration to that
effect, the application may be made at any time within the said period of twelve months.
(2) On receipt of an application under sub-rule (1), the registering authority shall, subject
to the provision of section 44, assign to the vehicle the registration mark.
55. Transfer of ownership.—(1) Where the ownership of a motor vehicle is transferred,
the transferor shall report the fact of transfer in Form 29 to the registering authorities
concerned in whose jurisdiction the transferor and the transferee reside or have their
places of business.
(2) An application for the transfer of ownership of a motor vehicle under sub-clause (z)
of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 50 shall be made by the transferee in Form 30,
and shall be accompanied by—
(i) the certificate of registration;
90 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001, for "original registering authority" (w.e.f. 28-3-
2001). Earlier these words were substituted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000).
44
(ii) the certificate of insurance; and
(iii) the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81.
(3) An application for transfer of ownership of a motor veliicle under subclause (ii) of
clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 50 shall be made by the transferee in Fonn 30
and shall, in addition to the documents and fee referred to in sub-rule (2), be
accompanied by one of the following documents, namely:—
(a) a no objection certificate granted by the registering authority under subsection
(3) of section 48; or
(b) an order of the registering authority refusing to grant the no objection
certificate under sub-section (3) of section 48; or
(c) where the no objection certificate or the order, as the case may be, has not
been received, a declaration by the transferor that he has not received any such
communication together with—
(i) the receipt obtained from the registering authority under subsection (2)
of section 48; or
(ii) the postal acknowledgement received from the registering authority
where the application for no objection certificate has been sent by post.
56. Transfer of ownership on death of owner of the vehicle.—(1) Where the owner of
a motor vehicle dies, the person succeeding to the possession of the veliicle may for a
period of three months, use the vehicle as if it has been transferred to him where such
person has, within thirty days of the death of the owner informs the registering authority
of the occurrence of the death of the owner and of his own intention to use the vehicle.
(2) The person referred to in sub-rule (1) shall apply in Form 31 within the period of three
months to the said registering authority for the transfer of ownership of the vehicle in his
name, accompanied by—
(a) the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81;
(b) the death certificate in relation to the registered owner;
(c) the certificate of registration; and
(d) the certificate of insurance.
57. Transfer of ownership of vehicle purchased in public auction.—
(1) The person who has acquired or purchased a motor veliicle at a public auction
conducted by or on behalf of the Central Government or a State Government shall make
an application in Form 32 within thirty days of taking possession of the vehicle to the
registering authority accompanied by—
45
(a) the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81;
(b) the certificates of registration and insurance;
(c) the certificate or order confirming the sale of the vehicle in his favour duly
signed by the person authorised to conduct the auction; and
(d) the certified copy of the order of the Central Government or State
Government authorising the auction of the vehicle.
(2) Where the vehicle auctioned is a vehicle without any registration mark, or with a
registration mark which on verification is found to be false, the registering authority shall,
subject to the provisions of section 44, assign a new registration mark to the vehicle in
the name of the Department of the Central Government or State Government auctioning
the vehicle and thereafter record the entries of transfer of ownership of the vehicle giving
the name and address of the person to whom the vehicle is sold:
91[Provided that motor vehicle in the name of the Central Government or State
Government shall not be transferred by the concerned registering authority without
verifying the proceeding of the auction or disposal of the concerned vehicle.]
58. No objection certificate.—(1) An application for the issue of no objection certificate
under section 48 in respect of a motor vehicle shall be made in Form 28 to the
registering authority by which the vehicle was previously registered, accompanied by—
(a) the certified copy of the certificate of registration;
(b) the certified copy of the certificate of insurance;
(c) evidence of payment of motor vehicle tax up-to-date;
(d) where no tax is payable for a certain period a certificate from the tax
collecting authority that no tax is due from the vehicle for the said period.
(2) In the case of a transport vehicle, in addition to the documents referred to in sub-rule
(1), documentary evidence in respect of the following matters shall also be furnished,
namely:—
(a) that the vehicle is not covered by any permit issued by any transport
authority;
(b) that the sum of money agreed upon to be paid by the holder of the permit
under sub-sections (5) and (6) of section 86, if any, is not pending recovery;
(c) evidence of payment of tax on passengers and goods under any la w for the
time being in force upto the date of application for no objection certificate.
91 Inserted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f 10-2-2004).
46
(3) On receipt of an application under sub-rule (1), the registering authority shall fill Part
III of Form 28 and return that part to the applicant duly-signed.
(4) Where the registering authority grants or refuses to grant the no objection certificate,
it shall return the duplicate copy of the said Form to the applicant and the triplicate copy
to the other registering authority after duly filling and signing Part II thereof.
59. Change in residence.—An application for recording a change in the residence in
the certificate of registration of a motor vehicle shall be made by the owner of the vehicle
in Form 33 accompanied by the certificate of registration and proof of address in the
manner specified in rule 4 and the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81.
60. Endorsement of hire-purchase agreements, etc.—An application for making an
entry of hire-purchase, lease or hypothecation agreement in the certificate of registration of a
motor vehicle required under sub-section (2) of section 51 shall be made in Form 34 duly signed
by the registered owner of the vehicle and the financier and shall be accompanied by the
certificate of registration and the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81.
61. Termination of hire-purchase agreements, etc.—(1) An application for making an
entry of termination of agreement of hire purchase, lease or hypothecation referred to in
sub-section (3) of section 51 shall be made in Form 35 duly signed by the registered
owner of the vehicle and the financier, and shall be accompanied by the certificate of
registration and the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81.
(2) The application for the issue of a fresh certificate of registration under sub-section (5)
of section 51 shall be made in Form 36 and shall be accompanied by a fee as specified
in rule 81.
(3) Where the registered owner has refused to deliver the certificate of registration to
the financier or has absconded then the registering authority shall issue a notice to the
registered owner of the vehicle in Form 37.
Certificate of fitness
62. Validity of certificate of fitness.—(1) A certificate of fitness in respect of a transport
vehicle granted under section 56 shall be in Form 38 and such certificate when granted or
renewed shall be valid for the period as indicated below:—
(a) new transport vehicle two years
(b) renewal of certificate of fitness in respect of vehicles mentioned in {a) above 92[***] one year
93[(c) renewal of certificate of fitness in respect of vehicles covered under rule 82 of these rules one year]
(d) fresh registration of same period as in the case of vehicles imported vehicles manufactured in India
having regard to the date of manufacture:
92 Certain words omitted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
93 Substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
47
94[Provided that the renewal of a fitness certificate shall be made only after the
95[Inspecting Officer or authorised testing stations as referred to in sub-section (1) of
section 56 of the Act] has carried the tests specified in the Table given below, namely:—
TABLE
Item Check Fitment Check make/type/
rating, etc. as per
original
equipment
recommendations
Check
conditions
Check
functioning
Test Remarks
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Sparkplug/
Suppressor
cap/High
Tension cable
Yes Yes Yes No No
Head Lamp
Beams
Yes No Yes Yes Check Beam focus as per Annexure
VII
Other Lights Yes No Yes Yes No Also ensure that unauthorized
lights are not fitted
Reflectors Yes No Yes No No Ensure colour of reflectors
and reflective
tapes arc as per rule 104
Bulbs
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Ensure that head light
bulbs wall-age, especially
halogen is not higher than
those indicated in IS
1606 — 1993 and also
ensure thas halogen bulbs
with P45t caps
are not used in all vehicles
Rear View
Mirror
Yes No Yes No No —
Safety Glass Yes Yes Yes No No Laminated windscreen glass is
used for vehicles manufactured
from April, 1996 onwards
Horn Yes No Yes Yes No —
Silencer Yes No Yes Yes No Ensure no leakage
Dash board
equipment
Yes No Yes Yes No —
Windshield
wiper
Yes No Yes Yes No —
Exhaust
emission
No No No No Yes Pollution under Control
Certificate
Braking system Yes No Yes Yes Yes As per rule 96(8)
Speedometer Yes No Yes Yes No As per rule 117
Steering gear Yes No Yes Yes Check
free
play
Check free play as per rule 98
for-vehicles with steering
wheel.
Explanation.—"Inspecting Officer" means an Officer appointed by the State Government
under section 213 of the Act.]
94 Proviso added by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Earlier the Proviso was
omitted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000). Before that the Proviso was added
by G.S.R. 684(E), dated 5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 22-10-1999).
95 Substituted by G.S.R. 845(E), dated 27-12-2002, for "Inspecting Officer" (w.e.f. 27-12-2002).
48
(2) The fee for the grant or renewal of a certificate of fitness shall be as specified in rule
81.
63. Regulation and control of authorised testing stations.—(1) No operator of an
authorised testing station shall issue or renew a certificate of fitness to a transport
vehicle under section 56 without a letter of authority in Fonn 39 granted by the
registering authority.
(2) An application for grant or renewal of a letter of authority under sub-rule (1) shall be
made in Fonn 40 to the registering authority having jurisdiction in the area in which the
service station or garage is situated and shall be accompanied by,—
(a) the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81;
(b) a security deposit of 96[rupees one lakh] in such manner as may be specified
by the State Government.
Explanation.—For the purpose of this rule and rules 64 to 72, the registering authority
means an officer not below the rank of the regional transport officer of the Motor
Vehicles Department established under section 213.
(3) A registering authority shall, when considering an application for the grant or renewal
of a letter of authority, have regard to the following matters, namely:—
(a) the applicant or at least one of the members of the staff employed by him for
the inspection of transport vehicles for the purpose of issue or renewal of certificate of
fitness possesses the following minimum qualifications:—
(i) a 97[three years] diploma in automobile engineering or mechanical
engineering or an equivalent qualification;
(ii) experience of minimum service of five years in an automobile
workshop undertaking repairs of heavy goods vehicles, heavy passenger
motor vehicles, medium motor vehicles and light motor vehicles;
(iii) a driving licence to drive motor cycle, heavy passenger motor vehicle
and heavy goods vehicle with a minimum driving experience of not less
than five years;
(iv) thorough knowledge of the Act and the rules made thereunder,
especially the Chapters relating to registration of motor vehicles and
construction, equipment and maintenance of motor vehicles;
96 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993, for "rupees ten thousand" (w.e.f. 26-3-
1993).
97 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
49
(b) the premises where the authorised testing station is to be housed is either
owned by the applicant or is taken on lease by him or is hired in his name and it has
98[minimum of one acre of land] for administrative section, reception room and sanitary
block and space for erection of testing equipments and other apparatus;
(c) inspection lanes are provided adjacent to the building in the same compound
or at other places approved by the registering authority;
(d) testing equipments and apparatus are installed in such manner that veliicles
may pass through with ease and speed;
99(e) the applicant maintains in good condition, the equipment and apparatus for
undertaking test pertaining to 100[exhaust gas, engine tuning, engine analysis], smoke
emission, brake system, head-lights, wheel alignments, compressors, speedometers
and other like components;]
(f) the financial resources of the applicant are sufficient to provide for its
continued maintenance;
(g) the applicant maintains an up-to-date copy of the Act, these Rules and the
concerned State Motor Vehicles Rules.
(4) The registering authority shall also, when considering an application under this rule,
take into consideration the fact that the setting up of the authorised testing station will
improve the availability of testing facilities in the area both in relation to the number of
vehicles and proximity to such facilities.
(5) The registering authority may, on receipt of an application under sub-rule (2) and
after satisfying himself that the applicant has complied with the requirements of subrules
(3) and (4), grant or renew the letter of authority in Form 39:
Provided that no application for a letter of authority shall be refused by the registering
authority unless the applicant is given an opportunity of being heard and reasons for
such refusal are given in writing by the registering authority.
64. Duration of letter of authority.—A letter of authority granted or renewed shall be
effective for a period of five years from the date of grant or renewal.
65. General conditions to be observed by the holder of letter of
authority.—The holder of a letter of authority shall—
98 Certain words substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
99 CI. (c) substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 {w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
100 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999, for "exhaust gas" (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
50
(a) maintain a register with a separate page for each vehicle containing the registration
number of the vehicle for which the certificate of fitness is granted or renewed, the make
and model of the vehicle, the engine number and the chassis number of the vehicle
along with the pencil print of the chassis number, the name and address of the owner of
the vehicle, particulars of any permit of such vehicle, period of validity of certificate of
fitness granted or renewed and the signature of the owner of the vehicle or his
authorized representative;
(b) forward the particulars of the transport vehicles for which certificates of fitness have
been granted or renewed and the period of validity of such certificate, within two days of
grant or renewal of the certificate of fitness, to the authority which has granted the permit
and where the transport vehicle is not covered by a permit, to the transport authority in
whose jurisdiction the vehicle is kept;
(c) issue to every transport vehicle satisfying the requirements of section 56, a certificate
of fitness in accordance with the provisions of rule 62;
(d) not shift the place of business mentioned in the letter of authority without the prior
approval in writing of the registering authority which granted the letter of authority;
(e) keep the premises of the testing station and the records and registers maintained by
it and all the machinery, equipment and apparatus in the premises at all reasonable time
open for inspection by the registering authority or any person of the Motor Vehicles
Department of the State Government established under section 213 authorised in this
behalf by the registering authority;
(f) display at a prominent place in its main office the following:—
(i) the letter of authority in original issued to the authorised testing station by the
registering authority;
(ii) the name and address of the person authorised to issue or renew the
certificate of fitness;
(iii) the qualifications of the persons referred to in clause (a) of sub-rule (3) of rule
63;
(g) not charge a fee for inspection of a vehicle for the purpose of issue or renewal of the
appropriate certificate of fitness in excess of the fee specified in rule 81;
(h) surrender to the Regional Transport Authority having jurisdiction over the area, the
register referred to in clause (n) as soon as entries in all the pages in the register are
completed and in any case not later than two days after such completion.
51
66. Issue of duplicate letter of authority.—(1) If at any time the letter of authority
granted or renewed under sub-rule (5) of rule 63 is lost or destroyed, the holder of the
letter of authority shall report to the police station in the jurisdiction of which the loss or
destruction has occurred and intimate the fact
in writing to the registering authority which granted or renewed the letter of authority and
shall apply for a duplicate.
(2) On receipt of an application alongwith the appropriate fee as specified in rule 81, the
registering authority may issue a duplicate letter of authority clearly marked "Duplicate".
(3) If after the issue of a duplicate letter of authority, the original is traced, the same shall
be surrendered forthwith to the registering authority by which it was issued.
67. Supervision of authorised testing stations.—The registering authority or any
officer of the Motor Vehicles Department of the State Government duly authorised in this
behalf by the registering authority may, at any time, conduct test checks at the premises
of the authorised testing station with a view to ensure that the vehicles are properly
tested by the authorised testing station.
68. Power of registering authority or Regional Transport Authority to call for
information.—The authorised testing station shall submit to the registering authority or
the Regional Transport Authority having jurisdiction in the area, such information or
returns as may be called for by such authority from time to time.
69. Power of registering authority to suspend or cancel the letter of authority or
forfeit security deposit.—(1) If the registering authority is satisfied after giving the
holder of a letter of authority an opportunity of being heard, that he has—
(a) failed to maintain the equipment, machinery and apparatus referred to in subclause
(e) of sub-rule (3) of rule 63 in good conditioner
(b) failed to comply with the other requirements laid down in sub-rule (3) of rule
63; or
(c) failed to observe correct standards of testing before granting or renewing
certificates of fitness as noticed at the time of test-checking referred to in rule 67
or the frequency of accidents involving transport vehicles covered by certificates
of fitness granted or renewed by the authorised testing station attributable to any
mechanical defect of the vehicle, it may—
(i) suspend the letter of authority for a specified period; or
(ii) cancel the letter of authority; or
52
(iii) order forfeiture of the security deposit furnished by the
authorised testing station.
(2) Where the letter of authority is suspended or cancelled under sub-ru le (1), the
holder of the letter of authority shall surrender the same to the registering authority
forthwith.
(3) Where the security deposit is forfeited under sub-rule (1), the holder of the letter
within thirty days of the receipt of the order of forfeiture, remit to the registering authority
the amount ordered to be forfeited so that the requirement of sub-rule (2) of rule 63 in
relation to deposit of security is complied with.
70. Appeal.—Any person aggrieved by an order of the registering authority under subrule
(5) of-rule 63 oV sub-rule (1) of rule 69, may, within thirty days of the receipt of the
order, appeal to the Head of the Motor Vehicles Department of the State Government
established under section 213.
71. Procedure for appeal.—(1) An appeal under rule 70 shall be preferred in duplicate
in the form of a memorandum, setting forth the grounds of objections to the order of the
registering authority and shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee as specified in rule
81 and a certified copy of such order.
(2) The appellate authority may, after giving an opportunity to the parties to be heard and
after such enquiry as it may deem necessary, pass appropriate orders.
72. Voluntary surrender of letter of authority.—(1) The holder of a letter of authority
may, at any time, surrender the letter of authority issued to him, to the registering
authority which has granted the letter of authority and on such surrender, the registering
authority shall cancel the letter of authority forthwith.
(2) On cancellation of the letter of authority under sub-rule (1), the registering authority
shall refund to the holder of the letter of authority, the amount of security deposit referred
to in sub-rule (2) of rule 63 in full and without any interest.
73. Tax clearance certificate to be submitted to the testing station.—No authorised
testing station shall accept an application for the grant or renewal of a certificate of
fitness unless the same is accompanied by a tax clearance certificate in such form as
may be specified by the State Government, from the Regional Transport Officer or motor
vehicle inspector having jurisdiction in the area to the effect that the vehicle is not in
arrears of motor vehicle tax or any compounding fee referred to in sub-sections (5) and
(6) of section 86.
Registration of vehicles belonging to the Central Government
53
used for defence purposes
74. Assignment of registration marks to the vehicles belonging to the Central
Government used for defence purposes.—The authority referred to in sub-section (1)
of section 60 shall assign registration marks to the vehicles belonging to the Central
Government and used for defence purposes in the following manner, namely:—
A group of figures followed by a single capital letter, a broad arrow, not more than six
figures and a capital letter or a group of letters. The registration mark shall be in English
letters and Arabic numerals.
State Register of Motor Vehicles
75. State register of motor vehicles.—(1) Each State Government shall maintain a
State register of motor vehicles in respect of motor vehicles registered in the State in
Form 41.
(2) Each 101[State Government shall, if so desired by the Central Government] send to
the Director (Transport Research), Ministry of Surface Transport, New Delhi, a printed
copy of the register referred to in sub-rule (1).
Special provision for registration of motor vehicles
of diplomatic officers, etc.
76. Registration of vehicles of diplomatic and consular officers.—(1) Every
application for registration of a motor vehicle under sub-section (1) of section 42 by or on
behalf of any diplomatic officer or consular officer shall be made in triplicate by the head
of the mission or consular officer in Form 42 and be addressed to the registering
authority through the Competent Authority accompanied by the relevant documents and
fees referred to in rule 47.
(2) The Competent Authority shall forward one copy of the application to the registering
authority concerned together with a statement certifying the status of the person
applying for registration and shall return one copy of the application to the applicant. The
third copy of the application may be retained by the Competent Authority for record.
(3) The registering authority shall, on receipt of the application duly endorsed under subrule
(2), register the vehicle, subject to the provision of section 44.
(4) The registering authority shall issue to the owner of a motor vehicle registered by it
under sub-rule (3), a certificate of registration in Form 43 and shall enter in a register to
be kept by it, particulars of such certificate.
101 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Earlier these words were
omitted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000). Before that these words were
inserted by G.S.R. 684(E), dated 5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 22-10-1999).
54
(5) The registering authority shall assign to the motor vehicle for display thereon in the
manner specified in rule 77, the registration mark in accordance with sub-rule (6) or subrule
(7), as the case may be.
102[(6) A motor vehicle belonging to a diplomatic mission in Delhi or to any of its
diplomatic officer shall be assigned a registration mark consisting of the letters "CD"
preceded by the number allotted to the mission by the Ministry of External Affairs of the
Government of India and followed by a number allotted to the vehicle by the registering
authority in the following manner, namely:—
(i) an official vehicle meant for the use of the head of a mission shall be allotted the
number "1";
(ii) personal vehicles of the head of the mission shall be allotted the number "1", followed
consecutively, in alphabetical order, by a letter beginning with the letter "A";
(iii) official vehicles, other than those referred to in clause (i), shall be allotted
consecutive numbers beginning with the number "2";
(iv) vehicles belonging to other officers of the mission shall be allotted numbers in
consecutive order after the last number allotted under clause (iii);
(v) vehicles acquired by a mission or by its diplomatic officer other than heads of
missions, shall be allotted numbers in consecutive order after the last number allotted
under clause (iv) irrespective of whether such vehicle is for official or personal use of the
mission or any of its officers;
(vi) a number allotted to a vehicle under any of the clauses (i) to (iv), which is lying
unutilised due to sale or export of such vehicle or cancellation of its number may be
allotted to another vehicle under the same clause in respect of which an application has
been made under sub-rule (1).]
(7).A motor vehicle belonging to a consular post 103[headed by a Carrier Counsellor
Officer] or to any of its officers shall be assigned a registration mark consisting of the
letters "CC" preceded by the number of the post allotted to it by the Ministry of External
Affairs of the Government of India and followed by a number allotted to the vehicle by
the registering authority out of a block of numbers allotted for that post in the following
manner, namely:—
(i) an official vehicle meant for the use of the head of a consular post shall be allotted the
first number from the block of numbers allotted to that post;
102 Sub-R. (6) substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
103 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001, for "outside Delhi" (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
55
(ii) personal vehicles of the Consul-General shall be allotted the number referred to in
clause (/), followed consecutively in alphabetical order, by a letter beginning with the
letter "A";
(iii) official vehicles other than those referred to in clause (/'), shall be allotted
consecutive numbers beginning with the second number from the block of numbers
allotted to the post;
(iv) vehicles belonging to other officers of the post shall be allotted numbers in
consecutive order after the last number allotted under clause (Hi);
(v) vehicles acquired by a post, or by its consular officers, other than the head of the
post shall be allotted numbers in consecutive order after the last number allotted under
clause (iv) irrespective of whether such vehicle is for official or personal use of the post
or any of its officers;
(vi) a number allotted to a vehicle under any of the clauses (i) to (iv) which is lying
unutilised due to sale or export of such vehicle or cancellation of its number, may be
allotted to another vehicle under the same clause in respect of which an application has
been made under sub-rule (i).
104[Explanation.—For the purposes of this rule and rules 77, 78 and 79, "competent
authority" means:—
(i) in relation to a diplomatic officer or a consular officer who has his residence in Delhi,
the Chief of Protocol to the Government of India in the Ministry of External Affairs; and
(ii) in relation to a diplomatic officer or a consular officer who has his residence at any
other place, the Secretary (Transport) to the State Government.]
(8) Consular posts headed by Honorary Consular Officers shall use standard size
number plates bearing ordinary registration number provided by the concerned
registration authorities. They may, however, use the word "name of the country followed
by CC (Honorary)" in the same font and colour (i.e., the numbers and letters in white
colour on black background) but in letters smaller than the registration number on a
maximum of two of their vehicles.
105[76-A. Application of rules 76 to 80 to organisations notified under the United
Nations (Privileges and Immunities) Act, 1947.—The provisions of rules 76 and 77 to
80 shall apply to the motor vehicles of diplomatic officers of the organisations notified
104 Substituted by G.S.R. 129(E), dated 16-2-2000 (w.e.f. 16-2-2000).
105 Inserted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). 1. Inserted by G.S.R. 644,
dated 25-9-1995.
56
under the United Nations (Privileges and Immunities) Act, 1947 (46 of 1947) as they
apply to a diplomatic officer or consular officer with the modification that in rule 76,—
(a) in sub-rule (6), for the letters "CD", the letters "UN" shall be substituted; and
(b) in sub-rule (7), for the letters "CC", the letters "UN" shall be substituted.]
106[76-B. Registration of vehicles of home-based non-diplomatic officials of
diplomatic missions or consular posts.—(1) A motor vehicle belonging to a nondiplomatic
official of a diplomatic mission or a consular post in Delhi shall be assigned a
registration mark consisting of letters 'CDP' preceded by the number allotted to the
mission or post by the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India and
followed by a number allotted to the vehicle by the registering authority.
(2) A motor vehicle belonging to a home-based non-diplomatic official of a consular post
outside Delhi shall be assigned a registration mark consisting of the letters 'CCP'
preceded by the number of the post allotted to it by the Ministry of External Affairs of the
Government of India and followed by the number allotted to the vehicle by the registering
authority.]
77. Exhibition of registration mark.—(1)The registration mark assigned under subrules
(5) to (7) of rule 76 shall be clearly exhibited in reflecting colour both at the front
and rear of the vehicle on the plain surface of a plate or part of the veliicle and the size
of which shall be 41 centimetres by 14 centimetres—
(i) with deep blue background, the registration mark and the number being in
white in the case of motor vehicles referred to in sub-rule (6) of rule 76;
(ii) with yellow background, the registration mark and the number being in black,
in the case of motor vehicles referred to in sub-rule (7) of rule 76;
107 (iii) with light green background, the registration mark and the number being in
white in case of motor vehicles referred to in rule 76-B.]
(2) The registration mark shall be in English letters and Arabic numerals and—
(i) save in the case of a motor cycle or an invalid carriage, the letters shall be not less
than 6 centimetres high and 2 centimetres thick at any part, the numerals shall be not
less than 9 centimetres high and 2 centimetres thick at any part, and there shall be a
space between any letter and any numeral and between any letter or any numeral and
106 Inserted by G.S.R. 395(E), dated 16-7-1997 (w.e.f. 16-7-1997).
107 displayed on a plate in line with the axis of the vehicle and shall, in such a case, be
displayed on both sides of the plate.
57
the edge of the plain surface of not less than 1 centimetre and a space between any two
letters and between any two numerals of not less than 1 centimetre; and
(ii) in the case of a motor cycle or an invalid carriage, the dimensions of the letters and
figures shall not be less than two-thirds of those specified in clause (i).
(3) The plain surface referred to in sub-rule (2) shall not be inclined from the vertical by
more than thirty degrees. The letters and numerals shall be exhibited as follows:—
(i) in the case of a transport vehicle, the registration mark shall be exhibited in
two separate horizontal lines, the number allotted to the mission or post and the
letters forming the first line followed by the number allotted by the registering
authority in the second line; and
(ii) in all other cases, the registration mark may exhibit the letters and numerals
either in two horizontal lines as aforesaid or in one horizontal line.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule (1), the registration mark exhibited at
the front of a motor cycle or an invalid carriage may be
(5) In the case of a trailer—
(i) the registration mark shall be exhibited on a plate or surface on the left hand
side of the trailer, the dimensions of the letters and figures being not less than
two-thirds of the dimensions specified in sub-rule (2);
(ii) the registration mark of the drawing motor vehicle to be affixed to the rear of
the trailer shall be in confonnity with the provisions of these rules relating to the
registration mark affixed to the rear of the motor vehicle.
(6) The registration mark shall also be painted on the right and left side of the body of a
transport vehicle.
78. Assignment of new registration mark on removal of vehicle to another State.—
(1) Every application for assignment of new registration mark on removal to another
State under sub-section (1) of section 47 by or on behalf of a diplomatic officer or
consular officer shall be made in triplicate in Fonn 44 and shall be addressed to the
registering authority through the competent authority accompanied by the relevant
documents and fees referred to in rule 54.
(2) The provisions of sub-rules (2) to (7) of rule 76 shall apply to an application made
under sub-rule (1) as they apply to an application made under sub-rule (1) of rule 76.
79. Suspension and cancellation of registration of vehicle registered under rule
76.—If, under the provisions of section 53, section 54 or section 55, the registration of a
motor vehicle made in accordance with rule 76 is suspended or cancelled, then a copy
58
of the order of suspension or cancellation shall be sent to the competent authority in
addition to each of the authorities or persons to whom a copy has to be sent under the
said sections.
80. Transfer or disposal of motor vehicle registered under rule 76.—(1) Where a
motor vehicle registered in accordance with rule 76 is transferred by way of sale or
otherwise, the transferor shall, within fourteen days, report the fact of the transfer along
with the full name and address of the person to whom the vehicle is transferred to the
registering authority within whose jurisdiction the transfer is effected and shall
simultaneously send copies of the said report to:—
(a) the transferee;
(b) the competent authority;
(c) the Collector of Customs of the port of importation of the vehicle and where it
is not possible to locate the port of importation, to the Collector of Central Excise
and Customs nearest to the headquarters of the transferee; and
(d) the original registering authority in whose records the registration of the
vehicle is recorded, if the transfer is effected in the jurisdiction of another
registering authority,
and shall also surrender the number plate in respect of the vehicle to the
registering authority in whose records the registration of the vehicle is recorded,
when the transfer is to a person other than a diplomatic officer or a consular
officer.
(2) Where the transferee is a diplomatic officer or a consular officer, an application by
him or on his behalf shall be made to the registering authority for registration of the
vehicle in accordance with the provision of rule 76.
59
Fees
81. Fees.—The fee which shall be charged under the provisions of this Chapter shall be
as specified in the table below:
4[TABLE
SI. No. Purpose Amount Rule Section
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
1. Grant or renewal of Irade certificate in respect of each vehicle: 34(1) —
Motorcycle Fifty rupees
Invalid carriage Fifty rupees
Others Two hundred rupees
2. Duplicate trade certificate: 38(1) —
Motorcycle Thirty rupees
Invalid carriage Thirty rupees
Others One hundred rupees
3. Appeal under rule 46 One hundred rupeus 46(1) —
4. Issue, renewal of certificates of registration and assignment of
new registration mark:
47(1), 52(1),
54(1), 76(1)
and 78(1)
Invalid carriage Twenty rupees
Motorcycle
Light motor vehicle:
Sixty rupees
(i) Non-Transport Two hundred rupees
(ii') Light Commercial Vehicle Three hundred rupees
Medium goods vehicle Four hundred rupees
Medium passenger motor vehicle Four hundred rupees
Heavy goods vehicle Six hundred rupees
Heavy passenger motor vehicle Six hundred rupees
Imported motor vehicle Eight hundred rupees
Imported motor cycle Two hundred rupees
Any other vehicle not mentioned above Three hundred rupees
5. Issue of duplicate certificate of registration Half of the fee
mentioned in Serial
No. 4
53(2)
6. Transfer of ownership Half of the fee
mentioned in Serial No.
4
55(2)(i),
55(3),
56(2)(rt)
and57(l)(n)
---
7. Change of residence Twenty rupees 59
8. Recording alteration in the certificate of registration Fifty rupees — 52(4)
9. Endorsing hire-purchase/lease/ hypothecation agreement One hundred rupees 60 —
10. Cancellation of hire-purchase/lease/hypothecation agreement or
issue of fresh certificate of registration
One hundred rupees 61(1) and (2)
11. Conducting test of a vehicle lor grant
and renewal of certificate of fitness:
(i) Two/three-wheeled vehicle
(ii) Light motor vehicle
(iii) Medium motor vehicle
(iv) Heavy motor vehicle
One hundred rupees
Two hundred rupees
Three hundred rupee's
Four hundred rupees
62(2)
60
12. Grant or renewal of certificate of fitness for motor vehicle One hundred rupees 62(2) __
13. Grant or renewal of letter of authority Five thousand rupees 63(2)(«)
14. Issue of duplicate letter of authority Five thousand rupees 66(2) —
15. Appeal under rule 70 Four hundred rupees 71(1) —
Note.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that medium passenger motor
vehicle, heavy goods vehicle, imported motor vehicle and any other vehicle not
mentioned in Serial No. 4 of this Table include both transport and non-transport
vehicles:]
108[Provided that in case for any purpose referred to in Serial Numbers 4,5,6,7,8,9 and
10 oi this Table is issued on any Smart Card, an additional amount of fee of Rupees Two
hundred shall be charged for each such card.]
CHAPTER IV
CONTROL OF TRANSPORT VEHICLES
Tourist permits
82. Tourist permits.—(1) An application for the grant of permit in respect of a tourist
vehicle (hereinafter referred to in these rules as a tourist permit) shall be made in Form
45 to the State Transport Authority.
(2) 109[***]
110[(n) A tourist permit shall be deemed to be invalid from the date on which the motor
vehicle covered by the permit completes 9 years in the case of a motor cab and 8 years
where the motor vehicle is other than a motor cab, unless the motor vehicle is replaced;]
111[(b)] Where a vehicle covered by a tourist pennit is proposed to be replaced by
another, the latter vehicle shall not be more than two years old on the date of such
replacement.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-rule, the period of 112[9 years or 8 years] shall
be computed from the date of initial registration of the motor vehicle.
83. Authorization fee.—(1) An application for the grant of authorisation for a tourist
permit shall be made in Form 46 and shall be accompanied by a fee of Rs. 500 per
annum in the form of a bank draft.
108 Inserted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
109 CI. (a) of sub-R. (2) omitted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f 26-3-1993).
110 CI. (b) ot sub-R. (2) renumbered as CI. (a) and CI. (n) as so renumbered substituted by G.S.R.
338(E),dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
111 CI. (c) of sub-R. (2) renumbered as CI. (b) by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-
1993).
112 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993, for "2 years, 5 years or 7 years" (w.e.f 26-3-
1993).
61
113[(2) Every authorization shall be granted in Form 23-A, in case the certificate of
registration is issued on Smart Card or shall be granted in Form 47, in case the
authorization is in paper document mode subject to the payment of taxes or fees, if any,
levied by the concerned State. The authority which grants the authorization shall issue to
the permit holder separate receipts for such taxes or fees in respect of each bank draft
and such receipts shall be security printed watermark paper carrying such hologram as
may be specified by the concerned State/Union Territory:
Provided that the bank drafts received in respect of taxes or fees shall invariably be
forwarded by the authority which grants the authorisation to the respective States:
Provided also that the use of such security printed watermark paper carrying such
hologram shall come into force on or before six months from the date of commencement
of the Central Motor Vehicles (Third Amendment) Rules, 2002.]
114[(2-A) The authority which grants the authorisation shall inform the State Transport
Authorities concerned the registration number of the motor vehicle, the name and
address of the permit holder and the period for which the said authorisation is valid:]
115[Provided that where the permit holder undertakes to pay the tax direct to the
concerned State Transport Authority at the time of entry in his jurisdiction, the
authorisation shall expressly state that it has been issued subject to payment of taxes to
the concerned State Transport Authority.]
(3) The period of validity of an authorisation shall not exceed one year at atime 116[***J.
84. Right of operation.—No tourist permit shall be deemed to confer the right of
operation in any State not included in the authorisation referred to in rule 83 nor shall it
exempt the owner of a vehicle from the payment of tax or fee, if any, leviable in any
State.
85. Additional conditions of tourist permit.—The following shall be the additional
conditions of every tourist permit granted to a tourist vehicle other than a motor cab
under sub-section (9) of section 88, namely:—
113 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (vv.e.f. 31-5-2002).
114 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
115 Inserted by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000). Earlier Proviso was
omitted by G.S.R. 684(E), dated 5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 22-10-1999).
116 The words "and shall expire on the 31st day of March of the year" omitted by G.S.R.
933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
62
(1) The permit holder shall cause to be prepared in respect of each trip a list in triplicate
of tourist passengers to be carried in the vehicle, 117[* * *] giving full particulars as
under:—
(a) name of the passengers,
(b) address of the passengers,
(c) age of the passengers,
(d) starting point and the point of destination.
118[(2) One copy of the list referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be carried in the tourist vehicle
and shall be produced on demand by the officers authorised to demand production of
documents by or under the provisions of the Act and the Rules, and the second copy
shall be preserved by the permit holder.]
(3) The tourist vehicle shall either commence its journey, or end its journey, circular or
otherwise, in the home State, subject to the condition that the vehicle shall not remain
outside the home State for a period of more than 119[three months]. The permit holder
shall see that every return of the tourist vehicle to the home State is reported to the
authority which issued the permit:
Provided that where the contracted journey ends outside the home State, the vehicle
shall not be offered for hire within that State or from that State to any other State except
for the return journey to any point in the home State.
(4) The tourist vehicle may operate circular tours of places lying exclusively in the home
State or in the home State and outside the State if such circular tours are in the list
approved by the tourist department of the home State to visit places of tourist, historical
or religious importance and the tour is duly advertised before hand.
(5) The permit holder or his authorised agent shall issue a receipt to the hirer and the
counterfoil of the same shall be kept available with him and produced on demand to the
officers empowered to demand documents by or under the Act.
(6) The tourist vehicle shall not be parked on any bus stand used by stage carriage and
shall not operate from such bus stand.
(7) The tourist vehicle shall be painted in white colour with a blue ribbon of five
centimetres width at the centre of the exterior of the body and the word "Tourist" shall be
inserted on two sides of the vehicle within a circle of sixty centimetres diameter.
117 Certain words omitted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
118 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
119 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993, for "two months" (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
63
(8) The permit holder shall display in the front top of the tourist vehicle a board in yellow
with letters in black with the inscription "Tourist permit valid
in the State(s) of..............."in English and Hindi and also, if he so prefers, in regional
language of the home State.
(9) The permit holder shall not operate the tourist vehicle as a stage carriage.
(10) The permit holder shall maintain a day-to-day logbook indicating the name and
address of the permit holder and the registration mark of the vehicle, name and address
of the driver with the particulars of his driving licence and the starting and destination
points of the journey with the time of departure and arrival and the name and address of
the hirer.
(11) The permit holder shall furnish once in every 3 months the information contained in
condition (10) to the State Transport Authority which granted the permit and the logbook
shall be preserved for a period of 3 years and shall be made available to the said
authority on demand along with the records referred to in conditions (2) and (4).
Explanation.—In this rule, "home State" means the State which has granted the permit
under sub-section (9) of section 88.
85-A. The following shall be the additional conditions of every tourist permit in respect of
motor cabs.—(1) The words "Tourist vehicle" shall be painted on both the sides of the
vehicle within a circle of twenty-five centimetres diameter.
(2) A board with the inscription "Tourist permit valid in the State(s) of ........."in black
letters in yellow background shall be displayed in the front of the vehicle above the
registration number plates:
120[Provided that this rule shall not apply to motor cabs covered under the 'Rent a Cab'
Scheme, 1989.]
National permits
86. Application for national permit.—An application for the grant of a national permit
shall be made in Form 48 to the authority referred to in section 69.
87. Form, contents and duration of authorisation.—(1) An application for the grant of
an authorisation for a national permit shall be made in Form 46 and shall be
accompanied by a fee of Rs. 500 per annum in the form of a bank draft.
121[(2) Every authorization shall be granted in Form 23-A, in case the certificate of
registration is issued on Smart Card or shall be granted in Form 47, in case the
120 Added by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
121 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-20U2).
64
authorization is in paper document mode, subject to the payment of taxes or fees, if any,
levied by the concerned State. The authority which grants the authorization shall issue to
the permit holder separate receipts for such taxes or fees in respect of each bank draft
and such receipts shall be security printed watermark paper carrying such hologram as
may be specified by the concerned State/Union territory:
Provided that the bank drafts received in respect of taxes or fees shall invariably be
forwarded by the authority who grants the authorisation to the respective States:
Provided also that the use of such security printed watermark paper carrying such
hologram shall come into force on or before six months from the date of the Central
Motor Vehicles (Third Amendment) Rules, 2002.]
122[(2-A) The authority which grants the authorisation shall inform the State Transport
Authorities concerned the registration number of the motor vehicle, the name and
address of the permit holder and the period for which the said authorisation is valid.]
(3) The period of validity of an authorisation shall not exceed one year at atime 123[***]
124[88. Age of motor vehicle for the purpose of national permit.—(1) No national permit
shall be granted in respect of a goods carriage, other than multiaxle vehicle, which is
more than -[twelve years] old at any point of time.
(2) No national pennit shall be granted for a multiaxle goods carriage which is more than
fifteen years old at any point of time.
(3) A national permit shall be deemed to be invalid from the date on which a goods
carriage covered by the permit completes fifteen years in case of a multiaxle goods
carriage and -[twelve years] where the vehicle is other than a multiaxle goods carriage,
unless such goods carriage is replaced.
Explanation.—For the purpose of this rule, the period of 125[twelve years] or fifteen years,
as the case may be, shall be computed from the date of initial registration of the motor
vehicle covered under its pennit or the prime mover in case of an articulated vehicle.]
126[(4) No national pennit shall be granted in respect of a multi-axle trailer approved to
carry a gross vehicle weight of more than 50 tonnes, which is more than 25 years old at
122 Inserted by G.S.R. 799(E), dated 30-12-1993 (w.e.f. 30-12-1993).
123 Tine words "and shall expire on the 31st day of March of the year" omitted by G.S.R.
933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
124 R. 88 substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
125 Substituted by G.S.R. 799(E), dated 30-12-1993, for "nine years" (w.e.f. 30-12-1993).
126 Inserted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
65
any point of time, the period of 25 years being computed from the date of initial
registration of the said trailer.
Explanation.—For the purpose of this rule, "multi-axle trailer" means a trailer having
more than two axles.]
127 [(5) A national permit shall be in such security printed watermark paper and shall
carry such hologram as the State Government or the State Transport Authority, as the
case may be, issuing such permit, may specify:
Provided that the use of such security printed watennark paper carrying such hologram
shall come into force on or before six months from the date of commencement of the
Central Motor Vehicles (Third Amendment) Rules, 2002.]
128[* * *"]
90. Additional conditions for national permit.—The national permit issued under subsection
(12) of section 88 shall be subject to the following additional conditions,
namely:—
(1) The vehicle plying under a national permit shall be painted in dry leaf brown colour
with thirty centimetres broad white borders and the words "National permit" shall be
inscribed on both sides of the vehicle in bold letters within a circle of sixty centimetres
diameter:
Provided that the body of a tanker carrying dangerous or hazardous goods shall be
painted in white colour with a dry leaf brown ribbon of 5 centimetres width around in the
middle at the exterior and that of the driver's cabin in orange colour.
(2) A board with the inscription "National permit" valid in the State(s) of ......... with blue
letters on white background shall be carried in front top of such vehicle.
(3) No such vehicle shall carry any goods without a bill of lading in Form 50.
(4) The vehicle shall have a minimum of two drivers and shall be provided with a seat
across its full width behind the driver's seat providing facility for the spare driver to
stretch himself and sleep:
129[Provided that this sub-rule shall apply to light motor vehicle and medium goods
vehicles only from a date to be notified by the Central Government.]
127 Inserted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
128 R 89 omitted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001). Earlier R. 89 was inserted
by G.S.R. 76(E), dated 31-1-2000 (w.e.f. 31-1-2000). Before that R. 89 was omitted by G.S.R.
684(E), dated 5-10-1999 (w.e.f. 22-10-1999).
129 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
66
(5) The vehicle shall at all times carry the following documents and shall be produced on
demand by an officer empowered to demand documents by or under the Act, namely:—
(i) Certificate of fitness,
(ii) Certificate of insurance,
(iii) Certificate of registration,
(iv) National permit,
(v) Taxation certificate,
(vi) Authorisation.
(6) The vehicle shall be subject to all local rules or restrictions imposed by a State
Government.
(7) The vehicle shall not pick up or set down goods between two points situated in the
same State 130[other than the home State].
CHAPTER V
CONSTRUCTION, EQUIPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLES
Preliminary
91. Definitions.—In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) "class label", in relation to any dangerous or hazardous goods, means the class label
specified in column 3 of the Table to rule 137;
(b) "consignor", in relation to dangerous or hazardous goods intended for
transportation by a goods carriage, means the owner of such dangerous or
hazardous goods;
(c) "dangerous or hazardous goods", means the goods of dangerous or
hazardous nature to human life specified in Tables I, II, and III to rule 137;
(d) "emergency information panel", means the panel specified in rule 134;
(e) "primary risk", in relation to any dangerous or hazardous goods, means the
most potent risk which such goods give rise to;
(f) "subsidiary risk", in relation to any dangerous or hazardous goods, means the
subsidiary risk which such goods are likely to give rise to in addition to the
primary risk.
92. General.—(1) No person shall use or cause or allow to be used in any public place
any motor vehicle which does not comply with the provisions of this Chapter:
130 Inserted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
67
131[Provided that nothing contained in this rule shall apply to vehicles manufactured prior
to the coming into force of the Central Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Rules, 1993.]
(2) Nothing in this rule shall apply to a motor vehicle—
(a) which has been damaged in an accident or to a vehicle stopped or impeded owing to
shortage of fuel or other temporary defects while at the place at which the accident or
defect occurred;
(b) which is defective or damaged and is being removed to the nearest place of repair or
disposal; or
(c) which is more than fifty years old from the date of its registration and is being driven
for taking part in a vintage car rally:
Provided that where a motor vehicle can no longer remain under the effective control of
the person driving, the same shall not be used in a public place except by towing.
132[Explanation.—For the purposes of this rule, "motor vehicle" includes construction
equipment vehicle.]
133[(3) Testing of components conforming to standards in lieu of Indian Standards:
Whenever a part, component or assembly is used in a vehicle complying with standards
in lieu of those notified in these rules such as an international standard (for example,
EEC/ECE/IEC/ISO or such other standards) or a foreign national standard, permission
for use of such parts, component or assembly complying with such standards shall be
approved by the Central Government.
In such cases, the compliance of parts, components or assemblies to such international
or foreign national standards will be established for the purpose of rule 126, by a
certificate of compliance issued by an authorized certifying agency or by an accredited
certifying agency of the country of origin for such international or foreign national
standards and vetted by a testing agency as referred to in rule 126.]
Overall dimension
93. Overall dimension of motor vehicles.—(1) The overall width of a motor vehicle,
measured at right angles to the axis of the motor vehicle between perpendicular planes
enclosing the extreme points, 134[shall not exceed 2.6 metres.]
135[* * *]
131 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
132 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
133 Inserted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
134 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001, for "shallnot exceed" (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
135 Cls. (i) and (ii) omitted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
68
135 [* * *]
Explanation.—For purposes of this rule, a rear-view mirror, or guard rail or a direction
indicator 136[rub-rail (rubber beading) having maximum thickness of 20 mm on each side
of the body] shall not be taken into consideration in measuring the overall width of a
motor vehicle.
137[(1-A) The overall width of a construction equipment vehicle, measured at right angles
to the axis of the construction equipment veliicle between perpendicular planes
enclosing the extreme points, shall not exceed 3 metres while in the travel mode and
such construction equipment vehicle 138[shall be painted by yellow and black zebra
stripes on the portion of the width that exceeds 2.6 metres] on the front and rear sides
duly marked for night time driving/parking suitably by red lamps at the front and rear:]
139[Provided that the zebra stripes need not be used on attachments.]
140[(2) The overall length of a motor vehicle other than a trailer shall not exceed—
(i) in the case of motor vehicle other than transport vehicle having not more than
two axles, 6.5 metres;
(ii) in the case of transport vehicle with rigid frame having two or more axles, 12
metres;
(iii) iii the case of articulated vehicles having more than two axles, 16 metres;
(iv) m the case of truck-trailer or tractor-trailer combination, 18 metres;
(v) in the case of 3 axle passenger transport vehicles, 15 metres;
(vi) in the case of single articulated (vestibule type) passenger transport
vehicle, 18 metres (Please see the conditions given in note below);
(vii) in the case of double articulate passenger transport vehicles, 25 metres
(Please see the conditions given in note below).
Note.—In the case of single articulated passenger transport vehicles of 18 metres length
and double articulated passenger transport vehicles upto 25 metres, permission of the
State Government shall be obtained regarding their plying on selected routes depending
upon local road conditions, width, maneuverability of the vehicle in traffic, as deemed fit.
These passenger transport vehicles will also be required to have a closed circuit TV
136 Substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001, for "(when in operation)" (w.e.f. 28-3-
2001).
137 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
138 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002, for "shall be painted for the entire with
by yellow and black zebra stripes" (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
139 . Inserted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002 (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
140 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-3-2001).
69
system for proper visibility in and around the passenger transport vehicle by the driver to
maintain safety. Intercom system shall also be provided in such passenger transport
vehicle. In addition, the standing passenger will be allowed only on the lower deck of
double articulated passenger transport vehicle.]
(3) In the case of an articulated vehicle or a tractor-trailer combination specially
constructed and used for the conveyance of individual load of exceptional length,—
(i) if all the wheels of the vehicle are fitted with pneumatic tyres, or
(ii) if all the wheels of the vehicle are not fitted with pneumatic tyres, so long as the
vehicle is not driven at a speed exceeding twenty-five kilometers per hour, the overall
length shall not exceed 18 metres.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this rule "overall length" means the length of the
vehicle measured between parallel planes passing through the extreme projection points
of the vehicle exclusive of—
(i) a starting handle;
(ii) any hood when down;
(iii) any fire-escape fixed to a vehicle;
(iv) any post office letter-box, the length of which measured parallel to the axis of
the vehicle, does not exceed 30 centimeters;
(v) any ladder used for loading or unloading from the roof of the vehicle or any
tail or indicator lamp or number plate fixed to a vehicle;
(vi) any spare wheel or spare wheel bracket or bumper fitted to a vehicle;
(vii) any towing hook or other fitment which does not project beyond any fitment
covered by clauses (iii) to (vi).
141[(3-A)The overall length of the construction equipment vehicle, in travel shall not
exceed 12.75 metres:
Provided that in the case of construction equipment vehicle with more than two axles,
the length shall not exceed 18 metres.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-rule "overall length" means the length of the
vehicle measured between parallel planes through the extreme projection points of the
vehicle, exclusive of—
(i) any fire-escape fixed to a vehicle;
(ii) any ladder used by the operator to board or alight the vehicle;
(iii) any tail or indicator lamp or number plate fixed to a vehicle;
141 Inserted by G.S.R 642(E),dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
70
(iv) any sphere wheel or sphere wheel bracket or bumper fitted to a vehicle;
(v) any towing hook or other fitments;
(vi) any operational attachment on front, rear or carrier chassis of construction
equipment vehicle in travel mode.]
(4) The overall height of a motor vehicle measured from the surface on which the vehicle
rests,—
(i) in the case of a vehicle other than a double-decked 142[transport veliicle], shall
not exceed 3.8 metres;
143[(ii) in the case of a double decked transport vehicle, shall not exceed 4.75
metres;
(ii-a) in the case of tractor-trailer goods vehicle, shall not exceed 4.20 metres;]
(iii) in the case of a laden trailer carrying ISO series 1 Freight Container, shall not
exceed 4.2 metres:
Provided that the provisions of clauses (i) to (iii) shall not apply to fire-escape tower
wagons and other special purpose vehicles exempted by genera! or special order of
registering authority.
144[(7-A) No part of the construction equipment vehicle in travel mode other than a
direction indicator, or a driving mirror, shall project laterally more than 300 millimetres
beyond the extreme outer edge of the tyres or wheel drums regardless of single or dual
tyres or rollers.]
145[(8)] No motor vehicle shall be loaded in such a manner that the load or any part
thereof extends,—
(i) laterally beyond the side of the body;
(ii) to the front beyond the foremost part of the load body of the vehicle;
(iii) to the rear beyond the rear most part of the vehicle;
(iv) to a height beyond the limits specified in sub-rule (4):
Provided that clause (iii) shall not apply to a goods carriage when loaded with any pole
or rod or indivisible load so long as the projecting part or parts do not exceed the
distance of one metre beyond the rear most point of the motor vehicle.
146[93-A. Overall dimension for agricultural tractors.—(1) The overall width of the
agricultural tractor shall not exceed 2.6 metres.
142 Substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005, for "motor vehicle" (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
143 CI. (ii) substituted by G.S.R. 589(E),dated 16-9-2005(w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
144 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E),dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
145 Renumbered by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
71
(2) The overall length of the agricultural tractor shall not exceed 6.5 metres.
(3) The overall height of the agricultural tractor shall not exceed 3.8 metres.
(4) The overhang of the agricultural tractor shall not exceed 1.85 metres:
Provided that lateral projection upto 700 millimetres beyond the central line of the rear
wheel shall be permitted.]
147[93-B. Overall dimension for power tillers.—(1) The overall length of the power tiller
with a riding attachment shall not exceed 3.5 metres.
(2) The overall width of the power tiller with a riding attachment including case wheelers
shall not exceed 1.5 metres.
(3) The maximum overall height of the power tiller shall not exceed 2.0 metres.
(4) The overall length of the power tiller when coupled to a trailer shall not exceed 6.0
metres.
(5) The maximum overall width of the power tiller when coupled to a trailer shall not
exceed 1.7 metres.
(6) The maximum overall height of the power tiller when coupled to a trailer shall not
exceed 2.0 metres.]
Size, nature and condition of tyres
94. Condition of tyres.— 148[(1) 149[Every motor vehicle including agricultural tractor and
its trailer] shall be fitted with pneumatic tyres and every construction equipment
vehicle, other than steel drum rollers of vibratory compactors or compactor rollers or
road roller or a track laying vehicle, shall be fitted with pneumatic tyres or solid rubber
tyres.]
(2) The pneumatic tyres of a motor vehicle including agricultural tractor and its trailer
shall be kept properly inflated and in good and sound condition.
(3) For the purpose of sub-rule (2), a tyre shall not be deemed to be of good and sound
condition if—
(i) any of the fabric of its casing is exposed by wear of the tread or by any unvulcanised
cut or abrasion in any of its parts; or
(if) it shows signs of incipient failure by local deformation or swelling; or
146 Inserted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
147 R. 93-B inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
148 Substituted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
149 Substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for "Every motor vehicle" (w.e.f. 10-8-
2004).
72
(iii) it has been patched or repaired by an outside gaiter or patch other than a vulcanised
repair;
150[(iv) the Non-Skid Depth (NSD), shall not be less than 0.8 mm in the case of twowheeler
and three-wheeler and 1.6 mm in the case of other motor vehicles, below the
Tread Wear Indicator (TWI) embedded in tyres at the time of manufacture:]
Provided that the requirement specified in clause (iii) shall not apply to a temporary
repair effected to enable the vehicle to be moved to the nearest place where the tyre can
be repaired or replaced:
Provided further that where a motor vehicle, other than road roller or track laying vehicle,
is not fitted with pneumatic tyres, it shall not be used in a public place unless it is fitted
with shoes or other suitable device so that plying of such vehicle does not damage the
road:
151[Provided also that the requirements of the Non-Skid Depth (NSD) and Tread Wear
Indicator (TWI) specified in clause (iv) shall not be applicable for the agricultural tractor
tyres.]
95. Size and ply rating of tyres.—152[(1) The tyres including radial tyres used on all motor
vehicles manufactured or imported on and after the 1st day of April, 2006, other than
agricultural tractors, construction equipment vehicles and power tillers shall comply with
the requirements specified in A1S:044 (Part 1 to 3): 2004 as applicable till the
corresponding BIS specifications are notified under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act,
1986 (63 of 1986):
Provided that the selection and fitment of tyres for motor vehicles manufactured or
imported on and from the 1st day of April, 2006 shall be in accordance with AIS:
050:2004 in the case of two and three-wheelers and AIS: 051:2004 in the case other
motor vehicles, till such time the corresponding BIS specifications are notified under the
Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986):
Provided further that Central Institute of Road Transport, Pune and any other agency
which may be authorised by Central Government from time to time can carry tests for
verification against AIS:044:2004 for tyres for the purposes of rule 126.]
150 Substituted by G.S.R. lll(E),dated 10-2-2004, for "a motor vehicle" (w.e.i, 10-8-2004).
151 Inserted by G.S.R. lll(E),dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
152 Sub-R. (1) substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
73
153[(2)The maximum gross vehicle weight and the maximum safe axle weight of each
axle of a vehicle shall, having regard to the size, nature and number of tyres and
maximum weight permitted to be carried by the tyres as per sub-rule (1), be—
(i) vehicle rating of the gross vehicle weight and axle weight respectively as duly certified
by the testing agencies for compliance with rule 126, or
(ii) the maximum vehicle weight and maximum safe axle weight of each vehicle
respectively as notified by the Central Government, or
(iii) the maximum total load permitted to be carried by the tyre as specified in sub-rule (1)
for the size and the number of the tyres fitted on the axle(s) of the vehicle, whichever is
less:
Provided that the maximum gross vehicle weight in respect of all vehicles, including multi
axle vehicles shall not be more than the sum total of all the maximum safe axle weights
put together.
154[155[(2-A) The size of the tyres of a construction equipment vehicle] specified in column
(1) of the Table below shall have a ply rating specified in the corresponding entry in
column (2) of the said Table in respect of maximum weight permitted to be carried by
such tyre specified in the corresponding entry in column (3) thereof:
Provided that the maximum safe load for single axle with two or more tyres shall not
exceed 10.2 tonnes.
OFF-THE-ROAD SERVICE: CONVENTIONAL AND WIDE BASE DIAGONAL PLY
TYRES
TABLE
AGRICULTURAL TRACTOR DRIVE WHEEL
Tyre size Designation Ply rating Maximum weigh t permitted to be carried
(Kgs.)
8.3/8-24 4
6
630
825
8.3/8-32 4 6 730
925
11.2/10-28 4
6
8
900
1120
1320
12.4/11-24 4
6
950
1215
153 Inserted by G.S.R 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
154 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000),
155 Substituted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003, for the brackets, figure and words "(2) The
size of the tyres of a construction equipment vehicle" (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
74
8 1450
12.4/11-28 4
6
8
10
12
1030
1285
1550
1600
1650
12.4/11-36 4
6
1150
1450
12.4/11-38 4
6
8
1180
1500
1750
13.6/12-28 4
6
8
10
12
1120
1450
1650
1750
1800
16.9/14-28 6
8
10
12
1850
2180
2430
2725
ROAD GRADER
13.00-24 8
12
2040
2485
14.00-24 12 3015
OFF TI IE ROAD HAULAGE SERVICE TYRES
Tyre size Designation Ply rating Maximum weight permitted to be carried
(Kgs.)
12.00-20 14
16
2650
2900
12.00-24/25 14
16
3000
3250
13.00-24/25 18 3875
14.00-24/25 16
20
24
4000
4625
5150
16.00-24/25 20
24
28
5450
6000
6700
18.00-24/25 12
16
20
24
28
32
4750
5600
6500
7300
8000
8750
WIDE BASE
23.5-25 12
16
20
24
5300
6150
7300
8000
75
Note.—156[1.] The load rating for tyres not covered by the aboveTable may be notified by
the Central Government as and when such tyres are introduced on construction
equipment vehicles, and until these are notified, the provisional load rating declared by
the construction equipment vehicle manufacturer may be certified by the certifying test
agency referred to in rule 126.]
157[2. The maximum axle loading capacities shall be verified based on the safe loading
capacities of the tyres. In cases where the axle load exceed 10.2 tonnes, the vehicle
manufacturer shall ask the user to seek the prior permission of the concerned Regional
or State Transport Authorities in whose jurisdiction the construction equipment vehicle is
expected to ply depending upon the conditions of roads/bridges, where deemed fit. Such
construction equipment vehicles whose axle load exceeds 10.2 tonnes shall display
permanently on the vehicle a placard indicating "NOT FOR PLYING ON ROADS". These
conditions shall be mentioned in the certificate, issued by the testing agencies referred
to in the rule 126, where the axle load exceeds 10.2 tonnes.]
(3) No tyre shall have a ply rating more than 20, for applications of on-highway and such
ply rating shall not be prescribed by either vehicle manufacturer or employed by vehicle
user on this class of vehicle.
(4) Check on sub-rule (3) of rule 95 on commercial vehicles will be conducted by the
authority indicated in sub-rule (1) of rule 126, while conducting the checks.]
158[(5) Every tyre manufacturer shall, in addition to any trade mark or size of the tyre,
also emboss on it the following, namely:—
(i) Week and year code or month and year code of manufacture; and
(ii) maximum load carrying capacity.]
159[(6) In the case of Indian manufactured vehicles and imported vehicles (new and old),
the size of tyres if included in the International Standards, namely, ECE, JATMA,
ETRTO and T&RA besides Bureau of Indian Standards may also be accepted under this
rule:
Provided that the following conditions shall be complied with:
(i) that testing agencies referred to in rule 126 shall satisfy themselves about
the load and speed rating of the tyre with reference to the Indian conditions;
156 The existing note numbered as "1" by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002 (w.e.f. 27-8-
2002).
157 Inserted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002 (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
158 Inserted by G.S.R. 221(E), dated 28-3-2001 (w.e.f. 28-9-2001).
159 Inserted by G.S.R 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
76
(it) that the test report/certificate issued by the testing agency of the
country of origin shall be verified for acceptance by the testing agency referred
to in rule 126;
(iii) that for tubeless tyres fitted on imported vehicles confirming to conditions (/)
and (it) shall also be allowed.]
160[95-A. Size and ply rating of tyres for agricultural tractor.—(1) The tyre of the
agricultural tractor shall have load carrying capacity as may be specified by the tyre
manufacturer, subject to the condition that the maximum load specified by the
agricultural tractor manufacturer shall not be greater than the load permitted by the tyre
manufacturer.
(2) The agricultural tractor manufacturer shall select only that rim size as recommended
by the tyre manufacturer.
Note.—For compliance to the above two sub-rules, the following shall be referred to IS:
13154-1991 as amended from time to time—Tyres for agricultural tractor, implements
and power tillers. In case a particular size of tyre is not listed in IS: 13154-1991, any
equivalent International Standard like Economic Commission of Europe (ECE),
Japanese Automotive Tyre Manufacturers Association (JATMA), European Tyre and
Rim Technical Organisation (ETRTO), The Tyre and Rim Association Inc. (T & RA) and
Indian Tyre Technical Advisory Committee (ITTAC), etc., shall be accepted.]
161[95-B. Size and ply rating of tyres for power tillers.—(1) The tyre should have load
carrying capacity as specified by the tyre manufacturer, however, the maximum load
specified by the power tiller manufacturer shall not be greater than that permitted by the
tyre manufacturer.
(2) The power tiller manufacturer shall select the recommended/ preferred rim sizes
only, as suggested by the tyre manufacturer.
Note.—For compliance to this rule, the following standards shall be referred to,
namely:—
(i) 1ST3154-1991, as amended from time to time-Tyre for agricultural tractor, implement
and power tillers.
(it) In case a particular size of tyre is not listed in IS: 13154-1991, as amended from time
to time, any equivalent International Standard like ECE, JATMA,ETRTO,TNRA, ITTAC,
etc.]
160 Inserted by G.S.R 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
161 R 95-B inserted by G.S.R. 5S9(E),dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
77
Brakes, steering gears, safety glass and windscreen wipers
96. Brakes.—162[(1) Every motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, three-wheeled invalid
carriage, trailer or a road roller shall be equipped with two independent and efficient
braking systems, namely, the parking brake and foot operated service brake:
Provided that a motor cycle and three-wheeled invalid carriage shall be equipped with
the independent and efficient braking systems, either both hand operated or one foot
operated and the other hand operated.]
(2) The braking system shall be of strength capable of stopping the vehicle within the
distance specified in sub-rule (8) and of holding it at rest in all conditions and all such
brakes at all time be properly connected and maintained in efficient condition.
163[***]
(3) In every motor vehicle 164[other than agricultural tractors,] the brakes operated by
one of the means of operation shall act directly upon the wheel and not through the
transmission gear.
165[(4) Every motor vehicle manufactured on and after the 1 st day of April, 2006 shall
have a braking system whose performance shall conform to the following Indian
Standard, namely:—
(i) for two-wheelers and three-wheelers IS:14664:1999, as amended from time to time.
Table.
SI.
No
.
Type of vehicle Load Test speed (The
speed at which the
brake should be
applied) (Kmph)
Type of brake Stopping
distance
(m)
All vehicles other than
motor cycles, threewheelers
and agricultural
tractors
Laden to the
registered
GVW or
Unladen
30
30
Fool operated
service
13
13
Do Laden or 40 do 21
1.
Do Unladen 40 do 21
2. Motorcycles Unladen 30 Foot or hand
operated
21
3. Three-wheelers
including three-wheeler
tractors for trailer
Unladen 30 Foot operated
(brakes
operational: on at
least two wheels)
13 Kg
4. Agricultural tractors Laden to test
mass
25 Foot operated
service
10
162 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
163 Proviso omitted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
164 Added by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
165 Sub-R. (4) substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
78
5. All other than threewheelers
of engine
capacity not exceeding
500 cc, motor cycles and
agricultural tractors
Laden to the
registered
GVW or
Unladen
30
40
30
40
-do-
-do-
-do-
-do-
12.7
15.0
9.3
12.0
For the purpose of this test for vehicles other than motor cycles the "unladen" means the
vehicle is without any load and shall carry only the driver and another person for specific
purpose of supervising the test, and the instruments, if any. In the case of motor cycles,
the "unladen" means that vehicle will carry only the single rider and the measuring
instrument, if any.]
166[(9) The following category of vehicles shall be fitted with Anti-Lock Braking System
conforming to IS:11852:2003 (Part 9):—
(0 N2 and N3 category of vehicles other than tractor-trailer combination manufactured on
and after the 1st day of October, 2006 meant for carrying hazardous goods and liquid
petroleum gas;
(ii) N3 category vehicles manufactured on and after the 1st day of October 2007, which
are double decked transport vehicles;
(iii) N3 category vehicles manufactured on and after the 1st day of October 2007, that
are used as tractor-trailer combinations.
(iv) M3 category of buses that ply on All India Tourist permit, manufactured on and after
the 1st day of October, 2007.]
167[96-A. Brakes for construction equipment vehicle.—(1) Construction equipment
vehicle with hydrostatic transmission shall employ either hand or foot operated
hydrostatic braking system both for service and parking brake system acting at least on
two wheels on the same axle or drum.
(2) The braking system shall be of a strength capable of stopping the vehicle within the
distance specified in sub-rule (8) and of holding it at rest in all conditions, and all such
brakes shall at all times be properly conducted and maintained in efficient condition.
(3) In every construction equipment vehicle, other than those having hydrostatic
transmission, the brakes operated by any of the means of operation shall act directly
upon the wheel or at a suitable location in the power train provided that such an action
does not discouple, disengage or isolate- the braking action from the wheels.
(4) Every construction equipment vehicle which manufactured on or after the
commencement of the Motor Vehicles (Sixth Amendment) Rules, 2000, shall have a
166 Sub-R. (9) inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
167 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
79
braking system whose performance shall ^[conform to the test and stopping distance
formula as specified in sub-rule (7)].
(5) The braking system or one of the braking systems of construction equipment vehicle,
shall be so constructed and maintained that it can effectively prevent at least two wheels
or drums from revolving when the vehicle is left unattended and it shall be designed to
be applied through hand or foot or automatically when engine is not running.
(6) In the case of construction equipment vehicles with four or more than four wheels,
the service brake shall work on at least two wheels of the vehicle.
168[(7)The service braking system of the construction equipment vehicle shall be capable
of bringing the vehicle to a halt within the stopping distance as calculated by the formula
given below, when tested in unladen condition and attachment carry position at a speed
corresponding to 80 per cent, of the design maximum speed. The test shall be
conducted in the forward direction of travel on a dry level hard road in good condition
and during the test the acceleration control or travel shall be fully released and in the
case of vehicle with manual gear shifting control, the top gear and the clutch shall be
engaged.]
STOPPING DISTANCE FORMULA
S < 0.15v + (V2/130),
Where S is the Stopping distance in metres,
V is the test speed corresponding to 80% of design maximum speed in Km / h.,
Control force F < 700 Newtons.
Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-rule, "unladen" means the construction
equipment vehicle in travel mode without any load except the driver and another person
for the specific purpose of supervising the test and the instruments, if any:
Provided that while the stopping distance formula mentioned above remain unchanged,
the construction equipment using hydrostatic transmission, the brake test shall be
performed by positioning the gear change lever to the neutral position.]
169[ 170[96-B. High Speed Braking Requirements].—For high speed braking, the
following test procedure shall be followed, namely:—
168 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002 (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
169 Inserted by G.S.R. 400(E) dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
170 Substituted by G.S.R. 720(E), dated 10-9-2003, for the figures, letter and words "96-A High
Speed Braking Requirements" (w.e.f. 10-10-2003).
80
(a) in the case of Category M-l, the P type, service brake test as defined under IS:
11852-2001—Part 3, shall be carried out in the engine connected mode at a test speed
of 120 km/h or at 80% of the design maximum speed of the vehicle, whichever is lower.
(b) the stopping distance requirements shall be according to the following formula,
namely:—
S < 0.1 V + (V2/130):
where, S is the Stopping Distance in mtrs. V is the test speed in km/h, and Control force
F< 500 Newtons.
Provided that this sub-rule shall be applicable in case of new vehicles yet to be type
approved after six months, and in case of already type approved vehicles, twelve
months, from the date of the commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Third
Amendment) Rules, 2002.]
171[96-C Brakes for agricultural tractor.—The braking system of the agricultural tractor
shall conform to IS: 12061-1994 and IS: 12207-1999, as amended from time to time.]
172[96-D. Braking requirements for power tillers.—The power tillers when coupled to a
trailer shall meet the following requirements, namely:—
(i) the brake test for the power tiller coupled to a trailer shall be carried out with a gross
combination weight not exceeding 1.5 tons as declared by the manufacturer;
(ii) The brake test shall be conducted at a speed of 15 km/h to meet the stopping
distance requirement of 7.5 metres with the pedal effort not exceeding 600N;
(iii) The trailer coupled to the power tiller shall be fitted with a parking brake capable of
holding the combination on an up-slope and down-slope gradient of 12%.]
97. Brakes for trailers.—(1) 173[Every trailer, other than a tractor-drawn trailer, having
five hundred kilograms and more of weight] shall have an efficient braking system which
are capable of being applied when it is being drawn,—
(i) in the case of trailer having not more than two axles, to at least all the wheels
of one axle; or
(ii) in the case of a trailer having more than two axles, to at least all the wheels of
two axles:
Provided that the braking system shall be so constructed that it is not rendered
ineffective by the non-rotation of the engine of the drawing vehicle.
171 Inserted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
172 R. 96-D inserted by G.S.R 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f 16-9-2006).
173 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989 (w.e.f. 28-10-1989).
81
(2) The provision of sub-rule (1) shall not apply to,—
(i) any land implement drawn by a motor vehicle;
(ii) any trailer designed for use and used by a local authority for street cleansing
or by the fire service for fire fighting, which does not carry any load other than its
necessary gear and equipment;
(iii) any disabled vehicle which is being drawn by a motor vehicle in consequence
of its disablement.
98. Steering gears.—(1) The steering gear of every motor vehicle shall be maintained in
good and sound condition, free from back-lash exceeding 30 degrees on the steering
wheel, all 174[ball joints connecting the steering linkage,] shall be protected by rubber
caps and where the connections are secured with bolts or pins, the bolts or pins shall be
effectively locked.
175[(2) The steering gear of every motor vehicle shall be so constructed as to conform to
IS: 12222-1987, as amended from time to time.]
176[(3) 177[On and after 1st May, 2003], the steering effort of all motor vehicles other than
three-wheelers not fitted with steering wheel, motor cycles, 178[and invalid carriages]
manufactured shall conform to the Indian Standard IS: 11948-1999, as amended from
time to time.]]
179[(4) Every heavy passenger motor vehicle manufactured after expiry of six months
from the date of commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Rules,
2000 (including the date of such commencement), shall be fitted with power steering
gears.]
180[(5) The power steering shall be fitted in,—
(a) the Category N3 multi-axle vehicles on and from 1st May, 2004; and
(b) other than multi-axle vehicles of Category N3 on and from 1st December, 2004.]
174 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
175 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
176 Sub-R.(3) substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
177 Substituted by G.S.R. 845(E), dated 27-12-2002, for "On and after 1st January, 2003"
(w.e.f. 27-12-2002).
178 Substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for "invalid carriages and agricultural
tractors" (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
179 Inserted by G.S.R. 65(E), dated 25-1-2000 (w.e.f. 25-1-2000).
180 Sub-R (5) substituted by G.S.R. lll(E),dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004). Earliersub-
R. (5) was inserted by G.S.R. 845(E), dated 27-12-2002 (w.e.f. 27-12-2002).
82
181[98-A. Steering gears for construction equipment vehicles.—(l)The steering system of
every construction vehicle shall be maintained in good and sound condition, with
backlash not exceeding 30 degrees on the steering wheel when tested with the engine
running; ball-joints connecting the steering linkage of the mechanical steering system
shall be protected by rubber caps and where the connections are secured with bolts or
pins, the bolts or pins shall be effectively locked; in the case of hydrostatic steering
system the moving parts shall be effectively sealed and protected from dust ingress.
(2) The steering system of the construction equipment vehicle shall be adequately
designed to ensure efficient and effective control of the vehicle under all the driving
conditions and shall be so constructed as to conform to the Indian Standards IS: 12222-
(1987), as modified from time to time.
(3) The steering effort of the construction equipment vehicles during normal unladen
operation shall not exceed 11.7 kg push/pull for hydrostatic steering system and 20 kg
for manual steering wheel system when evaluated as per clauses 5.1 to 5.4 of Indian
Standards IS: 11948-(1986) as specified by the Bureau of Indian Standards.]
182[98-B. Steering Gears for agricultural tractors.—(1) The steering gear of agricultural
tractor shall be maintained in good and sound condition, free from backlash exceeding
30 degrees on the steering wheels. All ball joints connecting the steering linkage shall be
protected by rubber caps and where the connections are secured with bolts, or pins, the
bolts or pins shall be effectively locked.
(2) The turning circle diameter and turning circle clearance diameter of every agricultural
tractor shall conform to IS: 11859-1986, as amended from time to time.
(3) The steering effort requirement of agricultural tractor shall conform to Automotive
Industry Standard (AIS): 042 as amended from time to time, till such time the
corresponding BIS standard is notified.]
183[98-C. Steering gear for power tillers.—The turning circle diameter and the turning
clearance circle diameter of power tillers coupled to trailers, when measured as per
IS:12222:1987, as amended from time to time, shall not exceed 10 metres.]
99. Forward and backward motion.—Every 184[motor vehicle including 185[construction
equipment vehicle] and agriculture tractor] other than a motor cycle and three-wheeled
181 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
182 Inserted by G.S.R. lll(E),dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
183 R. 98-C inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
184 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002, for "motor vehicle" (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
83
invalid carriages, shall be capable of moving under its own power 186[in the reverse
direction also]:
187[Provided that power tillers with a riding attachment and power tillers coupled to
trailers shall be capable of moving under its own power in the reverse direction also.]
100. Safety glass.—(1) The glass of windscreens and the windows of every motor
vehicle 188[other than agricultural tractors] shall be of safety glass:
Provided that in the case of three-wheelers and vehicles with hood and side covers, the
windows may be of 189[acrylic or plastic transparent sheet.]
Explanation.—For the purpose of this rule,—
(i) "safety glass" means glass 190[conforming to the specifications of the Bureau
of Indian Standards or any International Standards [* * *]] and so manufactured
or treated that if fractured, it does not fly or break into fragments capable of
causing severe cuts;
(ii) any windscreen or window at the front of the vehicle, the inner surface of
which is at an angle 191[more than thirty degrees] to the longitudinal axis of the
vehicle shall be deemed to face to the front.
192[(2) The glass of the windscreen and rear window of every motor vehicle shall be such
and shall be maintained in such a condition that the visual transmission of light is not
less than 70%. The glasses used for side windows are such and shall be maintained in
such condition that the visual transmission of light is not less than 50%, and shall
conform to Indian Standards 193[IS: 2553— Part 2—1992];
194[(3) The glass of the front windscreen of every motor vehicle 195[other than twowheelers
and agricultural tractors] manufactured after three years from the coming into
185 Substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for "construction equipment vehicle" (w.e.f.
10-8-2004).
186 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993, for "either forwards or backwards" (w.e.f. 26-
3-1993).
187 Proviso inserted by GS.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2006).
188 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
189 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993, for "acrylic transport sheet" (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
190 Substituted by G.S.R. 933(E), dated 28-10-1989, for "approved by" (w.e.f. 28-10-1989). l.The
words "as certified by the Automobile Research Association of India, Pune"
omitted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
191 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999, for "extending to thirty degrees" (w.e.f. 18-3-
1999).
192 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
193 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999, for "IS:2253 Part 2" (w.e.f. 18-3-
1999).
194 Inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
84
force of the Central Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Rules, 1993 shall be made of
laminated safety glass:
196[Provided that on and from three months after the commencement of the Central
Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Rules, 1999, the glass of the front windscreen of every
motor vehicle other than two-wheelers and agricultural tractors shall be made of
laminated safety glass conforming to the Indian Standards IS: 2553—Part 2—1992.]
Explanation.—For the purpose of these sub-rules "laminated safety glass" shall mean
two or more pieces of glass held together by an intervening layer or layers of plastic
materials. The laminated safety glass will crack and break under sufficient impact, but
the pieces of the glass tend to adhere to the plastic material and do not fly, and if a hole
is produced, the edges would be less jagged than they would be in the case of an
ordinary glass.
197[(3-A) The glass of the front windscreen of a construction equipment vehicle
manufactured after 3 years from the date of commencement of the Central Motor
Vehicles (Sixth Amendment) Rules, 2000 shall be made of laminated safety glass.]
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in this rule if the Central Government is of the
opinion that it is necessary and expedient to do so in public interest, it may, by order
published in the Official Gazette, exempt 198[any motor vehicle including construction
equipment vehicle] for use by any person, from the provisions of this rule.]
199[101. Windscreen wiper.—(1) An efficient power operated 200[* * *] windscreen wiper
shall be fitted to every motor vehicle having a windscreen, other than three-wheeled
invalid carriage 201[and motor cycles].
(2) One year from the date of commencement of Central Motor Vehicles (Amendment)
Rules, 1993, 202[all motor vehicles other than three-wheelers, motor cycles and invalid
carriages 203[manufactured on and after 1st January, 2003 in respect of Category Ml
vehicles, and in respect of other vehicles, on and after 1st May, 2003], having a wind
195 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999, for "other than agricultural tractors" (w.e.f. 18-
3-1999).
196 Inserted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
197 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
198 Substituted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
199 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
200 The words "or foot operated" omitted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w e I" 18-3-1999).
201 Substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005, for "motor cycles and three-wheelers of
engine capacity not exceeding 500 cc" (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
202 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
203 Substituted by G.S.R. 845(E), dated 27-12-2002, for "manufactured on and after 1st January,
2003" (w.e.f. 27-12-2002).
85
screen shall be fitted with a wind screen wiping system which shall conform to the
requirements laid down in the following standards, as amended from time to time, till
such time the corresponding Bureau of Indian Standards specifications are notified:
(i) A1S 019/2001, in the case of M-l category of vehicles (ii) AIS 011/2001, in the case of
other vehicles.] 204[(2-A) All construction equipment vehicles having windscreen shall be
fitted with an efficient power operated windscreen wiping system. The windscreen wiping
system shall conform to the requirements of the standards as may be specified from
time to time under these rules.] 205[* * *]
206[102. Signalling devices, direction indicators and stop lights.—207[(1) The signal to turn
to the right or to the left shall be given by electrically operated direction indicator lamps
on all motor vehicles including construction equipment vehicles. Every construction
equipment vehicle shall be fitted and maintained so that the following conditions are met,
namely:—
(i) The direction indicator lamps shall be of amber colour which is illuminated to
indicate the intention to turn, by a light flashing at the rate of not less than 60 and
not more than 120 flashes per minute.
(ii) The light emitted by the lamp when in operation shall be clearly visible from
both front and rear of the vehicle.
(iii) The minimum illuminated area of each direction indicator shall be 60 square
centimeters:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-rule shall apply to L1 category of motor
cycles.]
208[(2) On all vehicles other than motor cycles, 209[the intention to stop the vehicle (other
than construction equipment vehicle having hydrostatic brakes)] shall be indicated by
two electrical stop lamps which shall be red in colour and shall be fitted one on each left
and right-hand sides at the rear of the vehicle. The stop lamps shall light up on the
actuation of the service brake control. In the case of motor cycle, the intention to stop the
vehicle shall be indicated by one stop lamp at the rear which shall light up on the
actuation of the control operating the brakes on the rear wheels.]
204 Sub-R. (2-A) substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002 (w.e.f. 27-8-2002). Earlier sub-R.
(2-A) was inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
205 Sub-R. (3) omitted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
206 Substituted by G.S.R. 33S(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
207 Sub-R. (1) substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 14-2006).
208 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
209 Substituted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
86
(3) One year from the date of commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles
(Amendment) Rules, 1993, the stop lamp of every motor cycle shall be so designed and
fitted that it will light up on actuation of any of the controls which actuate the brakes on
any wheel.]
103. Position of the indicator.—(1) A direction indicator shall be fitted and every direction
indicator shall be so designed and fitted that -''[the driver of the vehicle including a
construction equipment vehicle] when in his driving seat is aware that it is operating
correctly.
210 [(2) One year from the date of commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles
(Amendment) Rules, 1993, 21[every motor vehicle including a construction equipment
vehicle] other than 211[* * *] motor cycles shall be equipped with such a device that when
the vehicle is in an immobilized condition all the direction indicators flash together giving
hazard warning to other road users.]
212[104. Fitment of reflectors.—213[(1) Every motor vehicle manufactured on and after the
1st day of April, 2006, including trailers and semi-trailers, other than three-wheelers and
motor cycles shall be fitted with two red reflectors, one each on both sides at their rear.
Every motor cycle shall be fitted with at least one red reflex reflector at the rear:
Provided that a reflective tape or reflective paint of not less than 20 mm width and
running across the width of the body shall be affixed/painted at the front and rear of
every goods carriage.]
(2) Every goods carriage vehicle including trailers and semi-trailers other than threewheeler
214[* * *] shall be fitted with two white reflectors one each at the extreme right
and left bottom corners in the front of the vehicle and facing to the front. The reflecting
area of each reflector shall not be less than 28.5 sq. centimetres, in the case of vehicles
with overall length of more than 6 metres, and not less than 7 sq. centimetres in case of
other vehicles.]
210 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002, for "the driver of the vehicle" and
"every motor vehicle", respectively (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
211 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
212 23. The words "three wheelers of engine capacity not exceeding 500 cc and" omitted
by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
213 Sub-R. (1) and the proviso substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-
9-2005).
214 The words "of engine capacity not exceeding 500 cc" omitted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated
16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
87
215[(3) All trailers including semi-trailers, other than those drawn by three-wheeled
tractors 25[* * *] shall be fitted with the following reflex reflectors, namely,—
(i) two white reflex reflectors in the front, one each at the right and left corners at a height
not exceeding 1500 mm above the ground,
(ii) two red reflex reflectors in the rear, one each at the right and left corners at a height
not exceeding 1500 mm above the ground, and
(iii) the area of the reflectors referred to above shall not be less than 28.5 sq. cm. in the
case of trailers with overall length exceeding 6 metres and shall not be less than 7 sq.
cm. in case of other trailers.]
216[(4) On and after expiry of one year from the date of commencement of the Central
Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Rules, 1999, the reflectors referred to in this rule and in
rule 110 shall be of reflex type conforming to 217[AIS:057:2005 till the corresponding BIS
specifications are notified under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986)].
218[(5) On and from the date of commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles Rules,
1993, every motor vehicle and trailer of length exceeding 6 metres shall be fitted with
two amber coloured reflex reflectors on each left hand and right hand of the vehicle, one
set as close to the front end as possible and the other set as close to the rear end as
possible. The height of the side reflectors above the ground shall not be more than 1500
mm. The area of each reflector shall not be less than 28.5 sq. cm.:
Provided that in case the distance between the two side reflectors is more than 3
metres, additional intermediate side reflectors shall be fitted so that the distance
between any adjacent side reflector is not more than 3 metres.]
219[104-A. Fitment of reflectors on construction equipment vehicles.—All construction
equipment vehicles shall be fitted with—
(i) two white reflex reflectors in the front of the vehicle on each side and visible to oncoming
vehicles from the front at night;
(ii) two red reflectors in the rear of the vehicle, one each at right and left corners, at a
height not exceeding 1500 mm above the ground in the case of unobstructed vision from
215 26. Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
216 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999). Earlier sub-R. (4) was
substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
217 Substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005, for "the Indian Standards IS:8339— 1993
specified by the Bureau of Indian Standards" (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
218 Substituted by G.S.R 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
219 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
88
the rear and the implement or device shall not obstruct the visibility of the reflectors to
the following vehicle;
(iii) two sets of amber coloured side reflex reflectors, one each on left hand and right
hand sides of the vehicle, one set as close to the front end and the other set as close to
the rear end as possible to the basic machine without attachments and if the distance
between the two amber side reflex reflectors is more than 3 metres, additional
intermediate amber side reflex reflectors shall be fitted so that the distance between any
adjacent amber side reflex reflector is not more than 3 metres:
220[Provided that the fitment of reflex reflectors on the implements such as booms of
cranes and anus of shovels, shall not be mandatory. However, wherever possible the
fitment of these reflectors may be done considering the working environment/nature of
these machines in the fields;]
(iv) the reflecting area of each reflex reflector shall not be less than 28.5 sq. cms;
(v) the construction equipment vehicle shall be fitted with a retro-reflective tape or retroreflective
paint of not less than 20 millimeters width, running across the width of the body
at the front and rear, and the colour of the reflective tape or reflective paint shall be white
at the front and red at the rear;
(vi) the reflectors referred to in this sub-rule, shall be of reflex type conforming to Indian
Standards IS: 8339 specified by the Bureau of Indian Standards;
(vii) the retro-reflective tape and paint shall be as per clause 801 and 803 of Ministry of
Surface Transport (Roads Wing) specifications for Road and Bridge works (3rd Revision,
1995) as amended from time to time.]
221[104-B. Fitment of reflectors for agricultural tractors.—(1) Every agricultural tractor
manufactured on and after the 1st day of April, 2006 shall be fitted with two nontriangular
red reflectors of not less than 7 sq. cm reflecting area one each on both sides
at the rear.
(2) The reflectors referred in sub-rule (1) of this rule shall be of the reflex type
conforming to AIS:057:2005 till the corresponding BIS specifications are notified under
the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986).
104-C. Fitment of reflectors on power tillers.—(1) On and from one year from the date of
commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Fifth Amendment) Rules, 2005, every
power tiller shall be fitted with two white reflex reflectors of not less than 7 sq. cm
220 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002, for the proviso (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
221 R. 104-B inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 16-9-2005).
89
reflecting area in the front of the vehicle one on each side and visible to oncoming
vehicles from the front at night, conforming to AIS:057:2005 till corresponding BIS
specifications are notified under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 (63 of 1986).
(2) In the case of trailers attached to power tillers, two red reflectors of not less than 7
sq.cm reflecting area in the rear side, one each at right and left corners, at a height not
exceeding 1500 mm above the ground shall also be fitted.]
105. Lamps.—222[(1) Save as hereinafter provided, every motor vehicle, while being
driven in a public place, during the period half an hour after sunset and at any time when
there is no sufficient light, shall be lit with the following lamps which shall render clearly
discernible persons and vehicles on the road at a distance of one hundred and fifty five
metres ahead:—
(a) in the case of motor vehicle other than three-wheelers, three-wheeled invalid
carriages and motorcycles, two or four head lamps;
(b) in the case of motor cycles, three-wheelers and three-wheeled invalid carriages one
or two head lamps;
(c) in the case of a side car attached to a motor cycle one lamp showing a white light to
the front;]
(d) in the case of construction equipment vehicle, two or four lamps showing to the front
white light visible from a distance of one hundred and fifty five metres ahead.]
(2) Every such motor vehicle other than a 223[* * *] three-wheeler shall also carry—
(i) 224[two lamps (hereinafter referred to as the rear lamp) showing to the rear a red light
visible in the rear from a distance of one hundred and fifty-five metres; and in the case of
a motor cycle one lamp showing a red light to the rear visible from a distance of seventyfive
metres]; and
(ii) lamp, which may be the rear lamp or some other device, illuminating with a white light
the whole of the registration mark exhibited
225[226[on the rear of the vehicle including construction equipment vehicle], and on the
side in the case of construction equipment vehicle] so as to render it legible from a
distance of fifteen metres to the rear:
222 Sub-R. (1) substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 14-2006).
223 The words "a motor cycle and" omitted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w e I 18-3-1999).
224 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
225 Substituted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000, for "on the rear of the vehicle" (w.e.f.
28-7-2000).
226 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002, for "on the rear of the vehicle" (w.e.f. 27-8-
2002).
90
Provided that when a motor vehicle is drawing another vehicle or vehicles and the
distance between such vehicles does not exceed 1.5 metres, it shall be sufficient if the
last drawn vehicle carries a rear lamp or a lamp illuminating the rear registration mark:
;,8[Provided further that every construction equipment vehicle shall also carry two lamps
showing to the rear red lights visible in the rear from a distance of one hundred and fiftyfive
metres.]
39[(3) On and from the commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Amendment)
Rules, 1993, all the obligatory front head lamps of a motor vehicle other than motor
cycles shall be as nearly as possible of the same power and fixed at a height as
specified in Indian Standards 40[IS: 8415—1977] (clause 4.1):
Provided that in the case of four-wheel drive cross country vehicles, the maximum height
of the said front head lamps may be as per limits specified in Indian Standards 40[IS:
8415—1977] (clause 4.1.1):
41[* * *]
Provided further that on and from the commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles
(Amendment) Rules, 1993, all vehicles other than three-wheelers of engine capacity less
than 500 cc, motor cycles and three-wheeled invalid carriages manufactured shall be
fitted with two rear lamps showing red light to the rear.]
227[(3-A) On and from the commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Sixth
Amendment) Rules, 2000, all the obligatory front head lamps of a construction
equipment vehicle shall be as nearly as possible of the same power and fixed at a height
so that front visibility is maintained and farthermost point of equipment/attachment is
clearly seen by on-coming traffic]
(4) The rear lamp shall be fixed either on the centre line of the vehicle or to the right
hand side, and save in the case of a transport vehicle, at a height of not exceeding one
metre above the ground:
228[229***]
(5) In the case of a transport vehicle/ the rear light may be fixed at such level as may be
necessary to illuminate the registration mark.
(6) Every heavy goods carriage 230[including trailers] shall be fitted with a red indicator
lamp of size of thirty centimetres by ten centimetres on the extreme rear most body
227 Inserted by G.S.R 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
228 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
229 Proviso omitted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
91
cross beam and in the case of a vehicle not constructed with body in the rear, the
indicator lamp shall be fitted near the right rear light above the rear number plate:
231[Provided that every construction equipment vehicle of an unconventiona I or
extraordinary type in travel mode shall be fitted or installed with a red indicator lamp of
size of not less than 100 square centimetres on the extreme rearmost point of the body.]
232[(7) On and from the date of commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles
(Amendment) Rules, 1999, every motor vehicle manufactured shall be fitted with at least
one lamp which shall automatically be operated, throwing a white light to the rear, when
the vehicle is being driven in the reverse gear.]
233[(8) In the case of vehicles, other than three-wheelers of engine capacity not
exceeding 500 CC, which are attached with trailers, all the lamps required to be fitted on
the rear of the vehicle shall be fitted at the rear of the trailer.]
234[(8-A) On the commencement of the Central Motor Vehicles (Sixth Amendment)
Rules, 2000, every construction equipment vehicle shall be fitted with two lamps at the
rear throwing light to the rear when the vehicle is being driven in the reverse gear and
there shall also be an audible warning system operating when the vehicle is being driven
in the reverse gear, the audible warning system and the light being automatically
operated when the vehicle is in reverse gear.]
106. Deflection of lights.—(1) No lamp showing a light to the front shall be used on
235[any motor vehicle including construction equipment vehicle] (whether fitted with single
or dual head lamp) unless such lamp is so constructed, fitted and maintained that the
beam of light emitted therefrom—
236[(2) is permanently deflected downwards to such an extent that it is not capable of
dazzling any person whose eye position is,—
(A) at a distance of 8 metres from the front of lamp,
(B) at a distance of 0.5 metre to the right side of the lamps, i.e., fitted at right extreme of
the vehicle, from the right edge of the lamp, and
230 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
231 Added by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
232 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999). Earlier sub-R. (7) was
inserted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
233 Inserted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
234 Added by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000). Previously inserted by G.S.R.
214(E), dated 18-3-1999. [There seems to be some confusion/mis take in the language of CI.
13(/) of G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 and CI. 13(g) of G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000—Ed.]
235 Substituted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
236 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
92
(C) a t a height of 1.5 metres from the supporting plane of the vehicle:
237[(a)***]
(b) is capable of being deflected downwards by the driver in such maimer as to render it
incapable of dazzling any such person in the circumstances aforesaid;
(c) is capable of being extinguished by the operation of a device which at the same time
causes a beam of light to be emitted from the lamp which complies with the provision of
clause (a);
(d) is capable of being extinguished by the operation of a device which at the same time
either deflects the beam of light from another lamp downwards or both downwards and
to the left in such manner as to render it incapable of dazzling any person in the
circumstances aforesaid, or brings into or leaves in operation a lamp which complies
with the provisions of clause (a).
238[* * *]
239[(2)] The provisions of sub-rule (1) shall not apply to any lamp fitted with an electric
bulb, if the power of the bulb does not exceed 7 watts and the lamp is fitted with a
frosted glass or other material which has the effect of diffusing the light.
240[107. Top lights.—Every goods vehicle including trailer and semi-trailer other than
three-wheelers and vehicles with overall width not exceeding 2.1 metres shall be fitted
with two white lights at the top right and left comers 241[showing white light to the front]
and two red lights at the top right and 241[showing red light to the rear]. The lights shall
remain lit when the vehicle is kept stationary on the road during night and at the time of
poor visibility:
Provided that in the case of goods carriage without a full body in the rear, provision for
fitting of the top light at the rear shall not be necessary.]
242[107-A. Implement lights for construction equipment vehicle.— Construction
equipment vehicle having implements with front overhang greater than 60% of
wheelbase shall be fixed with additional implement light of amber colour at a location
nearest to the extreme edge of the implement without affecting the functions of showing
light in all directions and where the implement is more than 3 metres in length, additional
237 Proviso to CI. (a) omitted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
238 Sub-R. (2) omitted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
239 Sub-R (3) renumbered as sub-R (2) by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-
1993).
240 Substituted by G.S.R 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
241 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
242 Inserted by G.S.R. 642CE), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000)
93
amber coloured lamps shall be fixed at a distance of not exceeding 3 metres for the
entire length of the implement:
Provided that in case of rear overhang the additional implement lights shall be in red
colour.]
243[108. Use of red, white or blue light.—(1) No motor vehicle shall show a red light to
the front or light other than red to rear:
Provided that the provisions of tills rule shall not apply to—
(i) the internal lighting of the vehicle; or
(ii) the amber light, if displayed by any direction indicator or top light or as top
light used on vehicle for operating within the premises like airports, ports without
going outside the said premises on to public roads;
(iii) a vehicle carrying high dignitaries as specified by the Central Government or
the State Government, as the case may be, from time to time;
(iv) the blinker type of red light with purple glass fitted to an ambulance van used
for carrying patients; or
(v) to a vehicle having a lamp fitted with an electrical bulb, if the power of the bulb
does not exceed seven watts and the lamp is fitted with frosted glass or any
other material which has the effect of diffusing the light;
(vi) white light illuminating the rear number plate;
(vii) white light used while reversing;
(viii) plough light provided in agricultural tractors for illuminating the implement's
working area on the ground in agricultural field operations.
(2) Use of blue light with flasher shall be determined and notified by the State
Governments at their discretion.
(3) Use of blue light with or without flasher shall be pennitted as top light on vehicles
escorting high dignitaries entitled to the use of red light.
(4) Use of multi-coloured red, blue and white light shall be permitted only on vehicles
specifically designated for emergency duties and shall be specifically specified by State
Governments.
(5) The State Government shall inform the Central Government regarding publication of
notifications issued by the concerned State Government under sub-rule (2) and under
clause (e) of the Notification No. S.O. 52(E), dated 11th January, 2002, published in the
243 Substituted by G.S.R. 400(E), dated 31-5-2002 (w.e.f. 31-5-2002).
94
Gazette of India, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, regarding use of red light on
top of vehicle being used by dignitaries.
(6) In case vehicle is not carrying dignitaries, red or blue light, as the case may be, light
shall not be used and be covered by black cover.]
244[108-A. Use of red or white light on construction equipment vehicles.—
No construction equipment vehicle shall show a red light to the front or light other than
red to the rear:
Provided that the provision of this rule shall not apply to:—
(i) the internal lighting of the vehicle;
(ii) the amber light, if displayed by any direction indicator or top light;
(iii) white light illuminating the rear or side registration number plate;
(iv) white light used while reversing;
(v) light provided for illuminating the implement's working area on the ground in
off-highway or construction operations.]
244[109. Parking light.—245[Every construction equipment vehicle and every motor vehicle
other than] 246[* * *]] motor cycles and three-wheeled invalid carriages shall be provided
with one white or amber parking light on each side in the front. In addition to the front
lights, two red parking lights one on each side in the rear shall be provided. The front
and rear parking lights shall remain lit even when the vehicle is kept stationary on the
road:
Provided that these rear lamps can be the same as the rear lamps referred to in rule
105, sub-rule (2):
247[* * *]
248[Provided also that construction equipment vehicle, which are installed with flood light
lamps or spot lights at the front, rear or side of the vehicle for their off-highway or
construction operations, shall have separate control for such lamps or lights and these
shall be permanently switched off when the vehicle is travelling on the road.]
244 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
245 Substituted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000)
246 The words "three wheelers of engine capacity not exceeding 500 cc" omitted by
G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
247 Proviso omitted by G.S.R. Ill (E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
248 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
95
249[110. 250[Lamps on three-wheelers].—Every 251[three-wheeler] shall be fitted with one
front head lamp and 63[two side white or amber lights] or two front lamps on the body. In
addition to the front lamp or side lights, it shall be fitted with 252[two rear lamps showing
to the rear red light] visible from a distance of 75 metres and a white light illuminating the
registration mark exhibited on the rear of the vehicle so as to render it legible from a
distance of 15 metres; and also two red reflex reflectors each having a reflecting area of
not less than seven square centimetres:
Provided in case where these vehicles are attached with trailers, the rear fitments
mentioned in this rule and direction indicator system mentioned in rule 102 shall also be
provided at the rear of the trailer:]
253[Provided further that fitment of one head lamp shall be applicable only in case of
three-wheelers with overall width not exceeding 1400 mm and in such cases the side
lights shall be amber in colour.]
111. Prohibition of spot lights, etc.—No spot light or search light shall be carried on the
front of any vehicle except in exceptional circumstances with the prior approval of the
registering authority.
Smoke, vapour, spark, ashes, grit and oil
112. Exhaust gases.—Every motor vehicle shall be so constructed or equipped that the
exhaust gases from the engine are discharged neither downward nor to the left side of
the vehicle and shall be so fitted as to allow the gases to escape to the right side or rear
of the vehicle:
Provided that in the case of tankers carrying explosives and inflammable goods, the
fitment of exhaust pipe shall be according to the specification of the Inspector of
Explosives:
254[Provided further that in the vehicles where the exhaust gases are discharged to the
right of the vehicle, slight downward angle shall be permitted, provided the exhaust
gases do not kick up any dust when the vehicle is stationary and engine running and in
any case the angle of the pipe to the horizontal should not be more than 30 degrees:
249 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
250 Substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005, for "Lamp on auto-rickshaws and threewheelers
with engine capacity not exceeding 500 cc" (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
251 Substituted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005, for "auto-rickshaw and three-wheeler of
engine capacity not exceeding 500 cc" (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
252 Substituted by G.S.R. 214(E), dated 18-3-1999 (w.e.f. 18-3-1999).
253 Proviso inserted by G.S.R. 589(E), dated 16-9-2005 (w.e.f. 1-4-2006).
254 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
96
Provided also that where the exhaust gases are discharged to the left of the vehicle the
inclination of exhaust pipe should not cross 30 degrees in downward and 30 degrees in
left direction against the vertical plane which includes the vehicle centre line, provided
the exhaust gases do not take up any dust when the vehicle is stationary and engine
running:
255[Provided further that in the case of agricultural tractors, vertical or horizontal] exhaust
pipe may be provided and outlet of this pipe should be so directed that the driver of the
tractor is not exposed to exhaust gases by locating the outlet over or to the side of headlevel
of the driver as per Indian Standards IS: 12239 (Part 1)—1988:]
256[Provided also that in the case of construction equipment vehicle vertical exhaust pipe
may be fitted and outlet of this pipe shall be so directed that the driver of the vehicle is
not exposed to exhaust gases.]
113. Location of exhaust pipes.—On and from the date of commencement of this subrule,
257[no exhaust pipe of a motor vehicle including construction equipment vehicle]
shall be located within a distance of 35 millimeters from the fuel line connecting to the
fuel tank and engine.
114. Exhaust pipes of public service vehicles.—The exhaust pipe of every public
service vehicle shall be so fitted or shielded that no inflammable material is thrown upon
it from any other part of the vehicle and that it is not likely to cause a fire through
proximity to any inflammable material on the vehicle.
Emission of smoke, vapour, etc., from motor vehicles
115. Emission of smoke, vapour, etc. from motor vehicles.— 258[(1) Every motor
vehicle other than motor cycles of engine capacity not exceeding 70 cc, manufactured
prior to the first day of March 1990, shall be maintained in such condition and shall be so
driven so as to comply with the standards prescribed in these rules.]
259[(2) On and after 1st October, 2004, every motor vehicle operating on—
(i) Petrol/CNG/LPG shall comply with the idling emission standards for Carbon monoxide
(CO) and Hydrocarbon (HC) given in the Table below:—
255 Substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for "Provided further that in the case of
tractors, vertical" (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
256 Inserted by G.S.R. 642(E), dated 28-7-2000 (w.e.f. 28-7-2000).
257 Substituted by G.S.R. 116(E), dated 27-2-2002, for "no exhaust pipe" (w.e.f. 27-8-2002).
258 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
259 Sub-R. (2) substituted by G.S.R. 111(E), dated 10-2-2004 (w.e.f. 10-8-2004) and as corrected
by vide G.S.R. 176(E), dated 5-3-2004
97
TABLE
PETROL/CNG/LPG DRIVEN VEHICLES
SI. No. Vehicle Type Co % *HC(n-hexane
equivalent) ppm
1. 2 and 3-Wheelers (2/4-stroke) (Vehicles
manufactured on and before 31st
March, 2000)
4.5 9000
2. 2 and 3-Wheelers (2-stroke) (Vehicles
manufactured after 31st March, 2000)
3.5 6000
3. 2 and 3-Wheelers (4-stroke) (Vehicles
manufactured after 31st March, 2000)
3.5 4500
4. Bharat Stage II compliant 4-wheelers 0.5 750
5. 4-Wheelers other than Bharat Stage II
compliant
3.0 1500
Note.—The test shall be carried out using the instrument type approved as per rule
116(3) of the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989 (CMVR) with the vehicle engine
wanned up after a run of minimum 15 minutes on a variable course under normal traffic
condition. During the test the vehicle engine shall be running at idling speed and the
sampling probe shall be inserted into the vehicle exhaust system to a depth not less than
300mm. In case CO and/or HC emission values recorded during the test are not within
the limits, the testing shall be discontinued and the vehicle owner shall be advised to
resubmit the vehicle after repair/service.
The idling emission standards for vehicles when operating on Compressed
Natural Gas (CNG), shall contain Non-Methane Hydrocarbon (NMHC) in place of
Hydrocarbon (HC) and shall be estimated by the following formula: NMHO0.3xHC
Where HC= Total Hydrocarbon measured as n-hexane equivalent. Similarly idling
emission standards for vehicles when operating on Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) shall
contain Reactive Hydroharbon (RHC) in place of Hydrocarbon (HC) and shall be
estimated by the following formula:
RHC=0.5 x HC
Where HC= Total Hydrocarbon measured as n-hexane equivalent:
Provided that in case of Petrol vehicles fitted with three-way closed loop catalytic
converters operating in a specific city or area, the Government of the respective State or
Union Territory Administration, as the case may be, may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, specify the introduction of measurement of LAMBDA (dimensionless value
98
representing burning efficiency of an engine in terms of the air/fuel ratio in the exhaust
gases) and tighter emission norms for in-use vehicles with such periodicity as may be
warranted, after ensuring that gas analyzers capable of measuring the values, duly
approved by the testing agencies, are available in such city or area, as the case may be:
Provided further that testing procedures are prescribed in TAP documents Nos. 115 and
116 as amended from time to time:
Provided also that the compliance to the limits prescribed in the above proviso shall be
included in the certificate issued by the vehicle manufacturer in Form 22 or Form 22-A,
as applicable for the vehicle manufactured on or after 1st October, 2004.
(ii) Smoke density for all diesel-driven vehicles shall be as follows:—
TABLE
DIESEL VEHICLES
Method of Test Maximum Smoke Density
Light absorption coefficient
(1/m)
Mar tidge units
Free acceleration test for turbo
charged engine and naturally
aspirated engine
2.45 65
The free acceleration test shall be carried out using the instrument type approved as per
CMVR 116(3) with the vehicle engine wanned up to attain oil temperature of minimum
60°C. During each free acceleration, maximum no load speed reached shall be within
bandwidth of ±500 rpm of the average value in respect of 3-wheeler vehicles and ±300
rpm of the average value for all other categories of vehicles. The free acceleration test
shall be repeated till the peak smoke density values recorded in four successive
accelerations meeting the above maximum no load rpm criteria are situated within a
bandwidth of 25% of the arithmetic mean (in m-1 unit) of these values or within a
bandwidth 0.25 K, whichever is higher and do not form a decreasing sequence. The
smoke density to be recorded shall be arithmetic mean of these four readings. In case
the valid readings are not obtained within 10 free accelerations or the smoke . density
recorded is not within the limits, the testing shall be discontinued and the vehicle owner
shall be advised to resubmit the vehicle after repair/ service.]
(3) On and from the date260 of commencement of this sub-rule, all petrol-driven vehicles
shall be so manufactured that they comply with the mass emission standards as
specified at Annexure I. The breakdown of the operating cycle used for the test shall be
260 Brought into force on 1st day of April, 1991 vide S.O.869(E), dated 27-10-1989.
99
as specified at Annexure II, and the reference fuel for all such tests shall be specified in
Annexure III to these rules.
(4) On and from the date261 of commencement of this sub-rule, all diesel-driven vehicles
shall be so manufactured that they comply with the standards based on exhaust gas
opacity as specified at Annexure IV to these rules.
(5) On and from the date262 of commencement of this sub-rule, all petrol-driven vehicles
shall be so manufactured that they comply with the following levels of emissions
263[when tested as per test cycle specified in Annexure V]:—
Mass of Carbon Monoxide Mass of Hydrocarbons (CO)
(HQ
Mass of Nitrogen Oxides
(NO)
Maximum grams per KW1T Maximum grams per KWH Maximum grams per KWH
14 3.5 18
264[Provided the standards for exhaust gas emissions applicable to agricultural tractors
shall be notified separately.]
(6) Each motor vehicle manufactured on and after the dates specified in sub-rule (2), (3),
(4) or (5), shall be certified by the manufacturers to be conforming to the standards
specified in the said sub-sections, and further certify that the components liable to effect
the emission of gaseous pollutants are so designed, constructed and assembled as to
enable the vehicle, in normal use, despite the vibration to which it may be subjected, to
comply with the provisions of the said sub-rule.
265[(7) After the expiry of a period of one year from the date on which the motor vehicle
was first registered, every such vehicle shall carry a valid "Pollution under control"
certificate issued by an agency authorised for this purpose by the State Government.
The validity of the certificate shall be for 266[six months] and the certificate shall always
be carried in the vehicle and produced on demand by the officers referred to in sub-rule
(1) of rule 116.
(8) The certificate issued under sub-rule (7) shall, while it remains effective, be valid
throughout India.]
261 Brought into force on 1st day of April, 1991 vide S.O.869(E), dated 27-10-1989.
262 Brought into force on 1st day of April, 1992 videS.0.869(E), dated 27-10-1989.
263 Substituted by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
264 Inserted by G.S.R 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
265 Added by G.S.R. 338(E), dated 26-3-1993 (w.e.f. 26-3-1993).
266 Substituted by G.S.R 111(E), dated 10-2-2004, for "six months or any lesser period as may be
specified by die State Government from time to time" (w.e.f. 10-8-2004).
100
267[(9) Mass emission standard for diesel vehicles
Type approval tests
Vehicle Category HC*
(g/KWH)
CO*
(g/KWH)
NOx
(g/KWH)
Smoke
Medium & Heavy over
3.5 Ton/GVW
Light diesel upto
3.5 Ton/GVW
or
2.4
2.4
11.2
11.2
14.4
14.4
***
***
Reference mass R(Kg) CO** g/KM HC+NOx g/KM ***
R<1020
10201400<2000 5.60 11.20 1.92 3.84
>2000 6.20 12.40 2.18 4.36
267 Substituted by G.S.R. 163(E), dated 29-3-1996 (w.e.f. 1-4-1996). Earlier sub-R. (9) was added
by G.S.R. 609(E), dated 15-9-1993 (w.e.f. 15-9-1993).
268 Substituted by G.S.R. 46(E), dated 21-1-1998 (w.e.f. 1-4-1998).
101
Notes.—1. The tests will be as per Indian driving cycle with warm start. However, with
effect from 1st April, 1998, the test will be as per Indian driving cycle with cold start for
catalytic converter fitted vehicles as:—
Soak Temperature = 20°-30°C
Soak Period = 6.30 hrs
Preparatory running before sampling = 4 cycles
Number of test cycles = 6
Break down of cycles = Indian driving cycle as per Annexure II
2. For passenger cars not fitted with catalytic converters, the test will continue to be with
warm start as per existing procedure, till 1-4-2000.
3. There should be no crankcase emission.
4. Evaporative emission should not be more than 2.0g/test.
5. COP standards: 20% relaxation in the standards for Carbon Monoxide and combined
ITC + NOx would be given.
6. For vehicles fitted with catalytic converter a deterioration factor of 1.2 on Type-
Approval Limits will be applicable for durability.]
(ii) Three-Wheelers (for all categories)—
CO
HC + NOx
gms/km
gms/km
6.75
5.40
Note:
1. The test will be as per Indian driving cycle with warm start. However, with effect from
1st April, 1998, the test will be as per Indian driving cycle with cold start.
2. COP standards: 20% relaxation in the standards for Carbon Monoxide and combined
HC + NOx would be given.
(iii) Two-Wheelers (for all categories)—
CO
HC + NOx
gms/Km
gms/Km
4.50
3.60
Note:
1. The test will be as per Indian driving cycle with warm start. However, with effect from
1st April, 1998, the test will be as per Indian driving cycle with cold start.
2. COP standards: 20% relaxation in the standards for Carbon Monoxide and combined
HC+NOx would be given.
102
ANNEXURE I
Nominal Flow Light Absorption Nominal Flow Light Absorption
G(l/2) (K(l/m)) G(l/2) (K(l/m))
42 2.26 120 1.37
45 2.19 125 1.345
50 2.08 130 1.32
55 1.985 135 1.30
60 1.90 140 1.27
65 1.84 145 1.25
70 1.775 150 1.205
75 1.72 160 1.19
80 1.665 165 1.17
85 1.62 170 1.155
90 1.575 175 1.14
95 1.535 180 1.125
100 1.495 185 1.11
105 1.465 190 1 095
110 1.425 195 1.08
115 1.395 200 1.065]
269[270[(10) Mass Emission Standards for vehicles manufactured on and after 1st June,
1999 in case of National Capital Region of Delhi and in other cases on and after 1st
April, 2000]
A. For Petrol-Driven Vehicles
(1) Passenger Cars CO(g/km) HC+NOx(g/km)
Type Approval 2.72 0.97
Conformity of Production 3.16 1,13
Notes.—The test shall be as per the modified Indian driving cycle, with cold start, as
specified in Annexure IV-B, on Chassis Dynamometer.
There should be no crankcase emission.
Evaporative emission should not be more than 2.0g/test.
For vehicles fitted with catalytic converter, a deterioration factor of 1.2 on Type Approval
Limits will be applicable for durability.
Commercial fuel shall be as notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests vide
Notification No. G.S.R. 176(E), dated the 2nd April, 1996.
Reference test fuel shall be as specified in Annexure IV-C.
2-Wheelers and 3-Wheelers CO(g/km) HC+NOx(g/km)
2-Wheeler 3-Wheeler 2-Wheeler 3-Wheeler
Type Approval 2.0 4.0 2.0 2.0
Conformity of Production 2.4 4.8 2.4 2.4
269 Sub-R (10) inserted by G.S.R. 493(E), dated 28-8-1997 (w.e.f. 1-4-2000).
270 Substituted by G.S.R. 399(E), dated 1-6-1999, for "10. Mass Emission Standards for vehicles
manufactured on and after 1st April, 2000" (w.e.f. 1-6-1999).
103
Notes.—The test shall be as per the Indian driving cycle, with cold start, on Chassis
Dynamometer as specified in Annexure IV-B to the principal rules.
Commercial fuel shall be as notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forests vide
Notification No. G.S.R. 176(E), dated the 2nd April, 1996.
Reference test fuel shall be as specified in Annexure FV-C.
271[For 2-wheelers and 3-wheelers fitted with catalytic converter, a deterioration factor of
1.2 on Type Approval Limits, will be applicable for durability:
Provided that the vehicle manufacturers may opt for an ageing test of 30,000 kms for
evaluating deterioration factor, as per procedure that may be laid down by the Central
Government.]
B. For Diesel Vehicles (Including Two and Three-Wheelers)
I. Vehicles with GVW exceeding 3.5 ton
Pollutants Limits for
Type Approval Conformity of Production
CCX g/KWn 4.5 4.9
HCfe/kWh 1.1 1.23
NOxfe/kWh 8.0 9.0
FM(g/k Wh) for engines with power exceeding
85kW
0.36 0.4
PM(g/k Wh) or engines with power not exceeding
85k W
0.36
0.4
II. Vehicles with G VW equal to or less than 3.5 ton
Pollutants Limits for
Type Approval Conformity of Production
CO( g/kWh) 4.5 4.9
HC(g/kWh) 1,1 1.23
NOx (g/kWh) 8.0 9.0
PM(g/k Wh) for engines with power exceed ing
85kW
0.36 0.4
PM(g/ k Wh) for engines with power equal to or
less than 85kW
0.61 0.68
Or Chassis Dynamometer Test
Reference Mass (kg) Limits for Type Approval
gm/km
Limits for conformity of
Production gm/km
CO HC+NOx PM CO HC+NOx PM
R<1250
1250<<<&